World Grain - June 2018 - 22
year average. Despite this, production
was lower year-on-year due to a smaller
The weather caused problems for corn
"After an outstanding corn yield the
previous year, heat waves and drought reduced the average yield in Hungary," the
report said. "Planted area also declined,
meaning Hungarian production fell over
20% (or just under 2 million tonnes) in
An annual E.U. attaché report on the
oilseeds sector notes that soybean production is growing in the region, partially as
a result of the action of the Danube Soya
Association, a non-governmental associa-
tion initiated by several Austrian federal
state governments in 2012.
It is motivated by the strong opposition
to biotechnology among governments in
that part of Europe.
"In Hungary, the government has been
providing CAP subsidies since 2015 to
support the increase in soybean production," the report said, referring to the
E.U.'s Common Agricultural Policy. "In
MY 2018-19, the soybean area planted
in Hungary is expected to be stable but
yields may go up after the low level of
According to The European Commission's "CAP in Your Country" document on Hungary, "Hungarian agriculture is characterized by small farms:
nearly 85% of the 500,000 farms have
less than 5 hectares of land."
Farming's role in the Hungarian
economy is relatively high for the E.U.,
at 4.5% of total Gross Value Added,
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of 1.6%, although the level of employment in agriculture, at 4.7%, is the same
DV WKH (8 ¿JXUH +XQJDU\ LV FKDUDFterized by a rather atypical agricultural
sector with a very high share of arable
farming (81% of agricultural land) and
low grassland (14.2%), the E.U. said.
The country covers an area of 93,024
square kilometers of which 57% is agricultural land while forests cover 21%.
In its "Factsheet on 2014-2020 Rural
Development Programme for Hungary,"
"The average age of farmers in Hungary is 56 years," the Commission said.
"Therefore, there is an urgent need for
Rural employment is also low, with a
particularly high unemployment rate in
rural areas for women and young people.
"Concerning climate change, Hungary
is frequently hit by important water imEDODQFHVEHWZHHQGURXJKWDQGÀRRGVDQG
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water management," it said.
AND INDUSTRIAL USES
According to the European Flour Mill-
June 2018 / World Grain / www.World-Grain.com