World Grain - June 2018 - 89
ongoing at the ports of Santos and Paranagua in the
south, while supply chains to "northern arc" ports
were increasingly important. Northern ports already
have 14 elevators, four more are set to be built in the
coming years and two more concessions have been
announced, although the schedule for bids is currently
"New ports in the north are helping to reduce
the pressure in the ports in the south, but ports are
still seeing some bottlenecks," said Ross, who added
that most delays at ports were currently caused by loJLVWLFVGLI¿FXOWLHVLQWKHKLQWHUODQGUDWKHUWKDQDWWKH
He also noted that vessel-waiting times in Brazil depended on numerous factors, including long delays on
roads north, which adds to pressure on southern ports
and drives up loaded soybean costs.
"Our internal logistics delivering the cargo to the
port would need to be improved in order to really
see the full return of any investments made at the
ports," he added. "The system still depends on trucks.
Farmers use them as silos on wheels during the peak
season owing to the lack of internal storage.
"Although we have some major rail concessions due
to be announced that will deliver cargo from the heart
of Mato Grosso region to Miritituba in the north, this
capacity is expected to be absorbed by existing and expected terminals in Barcarena. It is worth pointing out,
also, that in almost all our export terminals the limitations around cargo reception means that the loading
rates are superior to that of the reception."
While multiple speakers noted that Black Sea grains
exporters had gained an increasingly solid foothold in
Asian markets and were continuing to ramp up production, Australian wheat suppliers increasingly have
found themselves squeezed.
Michael King is a multi-award winning journalist as well as
a shipping and logistics consultant. He also supplies an array
of corporate services - www.mkingassociates.com. For more
information, e-mail email@example.com.
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