World Grain - August 2018 - 22

COUNTRY FOCUS

Focus on Uruguay
Country finding success as a soybean exporter
by Chris Lyddon

Argentina

22

Uruguay is a successful exporter of grains and oilseeds, particularly rice and soybeans. The rice mainly goes to neighboring countries, while China is the major destination for Uruguay's soybeans. A severe drought in 2017-18 cut production
of grains and oilseeds sharply, but a recovery to more normal
levels is expected for 2018-19.
The International Grains Council (IGC) projects Uruguay's
total wheat production at 600,000 tonnes in 2018-19, compared with 400,000 the year before. It is set to import 300,000
tonnes of corn in 2018-19, compared with 400,000 the previous year.
The country is expected to produce an unchanged 900,000
tonnes of rice in 2018-19. Rice exports are forecast at 800,000
tonnes, down from 900,000 the year before.
The IGC projects Uruguay's soybean production in 2018-19
at 3 million tonnes, up from 1.7 million the year before. In 2017-18 the
Brazil
IGC puts Uruguay's exports of soybeans to China at 600,000 tonnes.
In an annual report on the grains
Uruguay
sector dated April 25, the USDA
attaché in Uruguay also forecast
wheat production at 600,000 tonnes
in 2018-19, compared with 440,000
tonnes the year before, noting that
a stable harvested area of 200,000
KHFWDUHVLVVLJQL¿FDQWO\ORZHUWKDQ
the historical average.
"Despite strong future prices ($190 to $200 per
tonne for good quality wheat, December 2018) returns are tight given average yields," the report said.
"Analysts estimate that wheat production costs in
2018-19, close to $600 per hectare, will require roughly 3.5 tonnes per hectare to break even."
The report noted that increasingly soil quality problems
mean that some farmers will plant winter wheat as a soybean
rotation option for weed suppression and erosion control. The

Key Facts
Capital: Montevideo
Population: 3,360,148 (July 2017 est.)
Religions: Roman Catholic 47.1%, non-Catholic Christians
11.1%, nondenominational 23.2%, Jewish 0.3%, atheist or
agnostic 17.2%, other 1.1% (2006 est.).
Location: Southern South America, bordering the South
Atlantic Ocean, between Argentina and Brazil.
Government: Presidential republic. Chief of state and
head of government: President Tabare Vazquez (since March
1, 2015).
Economy: Uruguay has a free market economy characterized by an export-oriented agricultural sector, a well-educated workforce, and high levels of social spending. Uruguay
has sought to expand trade within the Common Market of
the South (Mercosur) and with non-Mercosur members, and
President Vazquez has maintained his predecessor's mix of
pro-market policies and a strong social safety net. Following financial difficulties in the late 1990s and early 2000s,
Uruguay's economic growth averaged 8% annually during
the period 2004-08. The 2008-09 global financial crisis put
a brake on Uruguay's vigorous growth, which decelerated to
2.6% in 2009. Nevertheless, the country managed to avoid
a recession and keep positive growth rates, mainly through
higher public expenditure and investment; GDP growth
reached 8.9% in 2010 but slowed markedly in the period
2012-16 as a result of a renewed slowdown in the global
economy and in Uruguay's main trade partners and Mercosur counterparts, Argentina and Brazil. Reforms in those
countries should give Uruguay an economic boost. Growth
picked up in 2017.
GDP per capita:  $22,400 (2017 est.); inflation: 6.1%
(2017 est.); unemployment: 7.3% (2017 est.).
Currency: Uruguayan pesos (UYU): 31.23 pesos equal 1
U.S. dollar (July 23, 2018).
Exports: $8.976 billion (2017 est.): beef, soybeans, cellulose, rice, wheat, dairy products, wood.
Imports: $8.74 billion (2017 est.): refined oil, crude oil,
passenger and other transportation vehicles, vehicle parts,
cellular phones.
Agriculture: 6.2% of GDP and 13% of the labor force.
Internet: Code: .ur; 2,225,075 users.
Source: CIA World Factbook

August 2018 / World Grain / www.World-Grain.com


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - August 2018

http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2018_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2018_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/20111_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_10_02
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_10_02
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_08_01
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