World Grain - August 2018 - 26




Argentina, Australia among the countries most affected by changing weather patterns

by Chris Lyddon
The International
Grains Council's
Grain Conference
2018 was held in
June at the Queen
Elizabeth II Centre
in London. Photos
by Chris Lyddon.



he International Grains Council's (IGC) recent
Grains Conference 2018 heard how Russia will
go on being the driving force behind world grains
trade, while some other big players outlined their ambitions and the challenges they face. Speaker after speaker
warned of the potential effects of climate change.
Jesús Maria Silveyra, Undersecretary of Agricultural
Markets at Argentina's Ministry of Agro-industry, explained that Argentina has a planted area of 36 million hectares with the potential to increase it to 60 million hectares.
"We produced, last year, a historical record of 136 million tonnes of total grains," he said, including cereals, oilVHHGVSXOVHVDQGSHDQXWVLQWKH¿JXUH³8QIRUWXQDWHO\WKLV
year we lost 28 million tonnes due to drought. We need to
export more and more because Argentina needs to generate income to reduce poverty. Our objective is to produce
150 million tonnes in 2020 and 186 million in 2030."
There were, however, concerns over what the countries
competing in the grain market would do and how much
climate change would affect Argentina.
"The rate of growth of the population is declining,"
concentrated in China and India. The largest increase in
the future would be in Africa. The new players, Russia

and Ukraine, are growing fast. We are a little afraid of
Russia and Ukraine."
Climate change was one of Argentina's main concerns.
"It is a fact, the increase in temperature," he said. "It is
not a joke. We are facing this volatility in climate event.
Then we have these commercial disputes about tariffs,
use of chemicals. Also, we are seeing a concentration in
trading, in the seed production and in the agrochemicals.
It's also good."
The market will be changed by trends in food.
don't want to take sugar, low sodium, low carbohydrate."
There is demand from vegetarians, halal demand,
kosher demand. There are people who want gluten-free
"Argentina will continue trying to increase production,
but we know we have to take care all of these changes in
the world," he said.
Gulmira Isaeva, Vice-Minister of Agriculture of the
Republic of Kazakhstan, outlined the position of
Kazakhstan, one of the leading wheat exporting counAugust 2018 / World Grain /

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - August 2018