World Grain - August 2018 - 80

FEATURE: BE PROACTIVE WITH FSMA

the immature stages are inside the individual kernels
of grain. The only visual cue you will get is when
you see the adults after they emerge. They're only
about a tenth of an inch long. From egg to adult,
these pests only take about 25 days to mature under
ideal conditions. Also, look for distinctive holes in
the kernels where the adults have chewed out.
6RWKHLGHQWL¿HGKD]DUGLVWKHOHVVHUJUDLQERUHUV
the next step is the preventive controls. They prefer warmer temperatures and about 12% moisture,
so maintaining a cooler, relatively dry environment,
won't be as conducive. Monitoring is also a good
idea, which can be done by sampling, visual inspections, and placing pheromone traps strategically
around your product. Finally, if you had an infestation in the past, you've probably already performed
some corrective actions and you'll want to continue
ongoing monitoring to verify pest levels. And don't
forget to write it all down.
INDIAN MEAL MOTHS
:LWK D ZLQJVSDQ RI URXJKO\ ¿YHHLJKWKV RI DQ LQFK
Indian meal moths aren't as tough to spot as lesser grain
borers, but they'll still infest products if allowed access.
&DWHJRUL]HGDVH[WHUQDOIHHGHUVWKH\ZLOOIHHGRQEURNHQ
and milled grain. The larvae are the destructive stage and
they spin a messy silken web that gums up food particles.
They prefer humid conditions, and their presence encourages the growth of mold. To properly address this pest,
make sure your preventative controls include inspecting all incoming shipments. And don't forget exclusion,
Indian meal moths have a native population on the outside, so don't let them in. Use monitors to track populaWLRQVDQG¿QGKRWVSRWVWKHQSODQFRUUHFWLYHDFWLRQVOLNH
installing mating disruption or spot treatments. Keep an
eye on the monitors to verify if your treatments and other
corrective actions are working. Keep up on that documentation so you have a record of all your hard work.

Measures must be taken to ensure stored grain isn't damaged by
insects such as the maize weevil. Photo courtesy of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Services.

WKHPEHIRUHWKH\FDQJHWWRSURGXFW:KHUH\RX¿QGKLJK
numbers of rodents in your monitoring plan could point
you to sanitation issues. If your facility isn't clean, take
FRUUHFWLYH DFWLRQV WR PLQLPL]H VSLOODJH DQG SRWHQWLDOO\
clean up water sources a rodent could get to in order to
PLQLPL]HSRWHQWLDODWWUDFWDQWV9HULI\EDVHGRQEDLWHDWHQ
and numbers trapped, that you have devices in the optimal
spots; you may need to shift them around.
With any pest, keep in mind how the pest management
strategies you're implementing will need to be reevaluated and adjusted. Conditions in and around your site
ZLOO FKDQJH DQG \RXU SODQ VKRXOG EH PRGL¿HG WRR ,I
you document all your efforts, then you will have a good
base of knowledge on pest trends in your facility and how
RODENTS
to respond.
You might see them sneaking around in a corn bin. Or
Staying up to date on the latest pest issues affecting
hear them hiding out in the walls or ceiling. Rodents are your facility is critical to demonstrate a proactive apUHVLOLHQWDQGFOHYHUVRLIWKH\FDQ¿QGIRRGZDWHUDQG proach. That's where documentation is necessary. It isn't
shelter, they'll stick around. They tend to stay out of sight enough to simply implement a pest management program
whenever possible, but they'll come out of hiding to feed - you must prove it.
on grain products and leave behind a trail of feces and
Keep these documents on hand so you can remain auurine. Aside from the contamination they leave behind, dit-ready any time:
rodents can also carry disease-causing pathogens.
x Food safety plan. The most critical record to keep
To keep rodents out of your facility focus on prevenon hand. Language added under HARPC says faciltive controls that are based on exclusion tactics like sealities now need to hold suppliers accountable as well,
ing cracks and crevices around the exterior. Monitor usso keep careful records of incoming shipments in
ing bait stations and traps to reduce populations and stop
addition to the documentation of all preventive ac80

August 2018 / World Grain / www.World-Grain.com


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - August 2018

http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2018_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2018_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/20111_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_10_02
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_10_02
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_08_01
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