World Grain - December 2019 - 64

FEED QUARTERLY

mycotoxins in feed
Many solutions are available to prevent or reduce contamination
by Dr. M. Hikmet Boyacioglu

A

This photo shows
the structure of the
enhanced zeolite
mineral (KALLSIL).
Courtesy of Kemin
Animal Nutrition
and Health - North
America (Kemin
Industries, Inc.).

64

nimal feeds play a leading role in the global food
industry, enabling the economical production of
products of animal origin throughout the world.
They may be produced in industrial feed mills or in
simple on-farm mixers. Manufactured feeds are used
WRJURZRUPDLQWDLQDQLPDOVIRUIRRG¿EHUDQGRWKHU
products under a wide range of farming conditions.
Mycotoxins are naturally occurring toxins produced
by certain molds (fungi) and can be found in food.
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IRRGVWX൵VLQFOXGLQJFHUHDOVQXWVVSLFHVGULHGIUXLWV
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conditions. Mycotoxins can cause a variety of adverse
KHDOWKH൵HFWVDQGSRVHDVHULRXVKHDOWKWKUHDWWRERWK
KXPDQV DQG OLYHVWRFN 7KH DGYHUVH KHDOWK H൵HFWV RI
mycotoxins range from acute poisoning to long-term
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It is important to note that mold that produces myFRWR[LQVFDQJURZRQDYDULHW\RIGL൵HUHQWFURSVDQG
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not just grow on the surface. Mold usually does not
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drying of commodities and maintenance of the dry
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mold growth and the production of mycotoxins.

Wayne L. Bryden, PhD, The University of Queensland,
School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Australia, noted
that "the major problem associated with mycotoxin-contaminated animal feed is not acute disease episodes but
low-level toxin ingestion that may cause an array of metabolic disturbances resulting in poor animal productivity."
"With the globalization of feed ingredient trade and
the rapid climate changes, the occurrence of mycotoxLQV EHFRPH LQFUHDVLQJO\ GL൶FXOW WR EH SUHGLFWHG´ VDLG
Peng et al, 2018, Animal Nutrition Group, Wageningen
Institute of Animal Sciences, Wageningen University, The
Netherlands. "Thus, unnoticeable mycotoxin hazards can
directly impact animal production systems. Preventing or
minimizing mycotoxins in feed ingredients has become
an important topic from the aspect of feed manufacturing industry."
Dr. Alexandra Weaver of Alltech Mycotoxin
Management said mycotoxins are a concern for feed quality and animal safety.
"The 2019 Alltech Global Feed Survey shows that, on
DYHUDJH¿QLVKHGIHHGVFRQWDLQP\FRWR[LQV´VKHVDLG
³0RUHWKDQP\FRWR[LQVDUHLGHQWL¿HGWKDWFDQFDXVH
D YDULHW\ RI QHJDWLYH H൵HFWV LQ DQLPDOV OHDGLQJ WR SRRU
health and lower productivity."
Weaver said it is necessary for producers "to implement a comprehensive mycotoxin management program
to minimize these risks."
Anneliese Mueller, PhD, product management associate at BIOMIN, said mycotoxins are nearly ubiquitous in
animal feed - deteriorating feed quality and jeopardizing
animal health and performance.
³7KHPDMRULW\RIIHHGVWX൵VDUHFRQWDPLQDWHGE\WZRRU
more mycotoxins," she said. "The interactions between
various toxins can be dangerous and are not considered
in most regulations or guidelines. For feed producers, this
means that vigilance and regular testing are required."
Mueller said the latest BIOMIN Mycotoxin Survey
UHSRUWVWKHRFFXUUHQFHRIP\FRWR[LQVLQ¿QLVKHG
feed and raw commodities samples from 72 countries.
It indicates a genuine threat in feed, depending on crop,
toxin, region and species. Because the known mycotoxins cannot be completely removed by good agricultural practices, several distinct mitigation strategies are
required: binding, biotransformation and bioprotection.
December 2019 / World Grain / www.World-Grain.com


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World Grain - December 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - December 2019

World Grain - December 2019
Contents
FROM THE EDITOR - Addressing the climate change enigma
CALENDAR OF EVENTS
VICTAM Asia combining event with VIV Health & Nutrition
News Review - ADM opens new Vietnam feed facility
COFCO appoints new company chairman
Miller Milling elevates Mitani to president, CEO
ADM advances strategic plan in face of tough external environment
LDC makes executive leadership changes
Bunge battling through difficult environment in ag business
Ardent Mills names new VP of operations
GrainGrowers appoints new leadership
GRAIN MARKET REVIEW - OILSEEDS
COUNTRY FOCUS - TURKEY
TECHNICAL PROFILE: SIMPLE BUT NOT ORDINARY
FEATURE: BUILT FROM SCRATCH, WITH ‘NO COMPROMISES'
Seaboard continues to expand in Africa
FEATURE: IAOM MEA CELEBRATES 30 YEARS
FEATURE: TOO MUCH GRAIN, TOO LITTLE DEMAND
FEED QUARTERLY - AFIA's new leader sees opportunities in challenges
IPPE to examine sustainability, disease
When it’s time to build…
MITIGATING mycotoxins in feed
SUPPLIER NEWS
WORLD GRAIN ARCHIVE
ADVERTISER INDEX
World Grain - December 2019 - World Grain - December 2019
World Grain - December 2019 - World Grain - December 2019
World Grain - December 2019 - 2
World Grain - December 2019 - 3
World Grain - December 2019 - 4
World Grain - December 2019 - Contents
World Grain - December 2019 - FROM THE EDITOR - Addressing the climate change enigma
World Grain - December 2019 - 7
World Grain - December 2019 - VICTAM Asia combining event with VIV Health & Nutrition
World Grain - December 2019 - Miller Milling elevates Mitani to president, CEO
World Grain - December 2019 - ADM advances strategic plan in face of tough external environment
World Grain - December 2019 - LDC makes executive leadership changes
World Grain - December 2019 - Bunge battling through difficult environment in ag business
World Grain - December 2019 - GrainGrowers appoints new leadership
World Grain - December 2019 - GRAIN MARKET REVIEW - OILSEEDS
World Grain - December 2019 - 15
World Grain - December 2019 - COUNTRY FOCUS - TURKEY
World Grain - December 2019 - 17
World Grain - December 2019 - 18
World Grain - December 2019 - 19
World Grain - December 2019 - TECHNICAL PROFILE: SIMPLE BUT NOT ORDINARY
World Grain - December 2019 - 21
World Grain - December 2019 - 22
World Grain - December 2019 - 23
World Grain - December 2019 - Seaboard continues to expand in Africa
World Grain - December 2019 - 25
World Grain - December 2019 - 26
World Grain - December 2019 - 27
World Grain - December 2019 - 28
World Grain - December 2019 - 29
World Grain - December 2019 - 30
World Grain - December 2019 - 31
World Grain - December 2019 - FEATURE: IAOM MEA CELEBRATES 30 YEARS
World Grain - December 2019 - 33
World Grain - December 2019 - 34
World Grain - December 2019 - 35
World Grain - December 2019 - 36
World Grain - December 2019 - 37
World Grain - December 2019 - 38
World Grain - December 2019 - 39
World Grain - December 2019 - FEATURE: TOO MUCH GRAIN, TOO LITTLE DEMAND
World Grain - December 2019 - 41
World Grain - December 2019 - 42
World Grain - December 2019 - 43
World Grain - December 2019 - 44
World Grain - December 2019 - 45
World Grain - December 2019 - FEED QUARTERLY - AFIA's new leader sees opportunities in challenges
World Grain - December 2019 - 47
World Grain - December 2019 - 48
World Grain - December 2019 - 49
World Grain - December 2019 - 50
World Grain - December 2019 - 51
World Grain - December 2019 - IPPE to examine sustainability, disease
World Grain - December 2019 - 53
World Grain - December 2019 - 54
World Grain - December 2019 - 55
World Grain - December 2019 - When it’s time to build…
World Grain - December 2019 - 57
World Grain - December 2019 - 58
World Grain - December 2019 - 59
World Grain - December 2019 - 60
World Grain - December 2019 - 61
World Grain - December 2019 - 62
World Grain - December 2019 - 63
World Grain - December 2019 - MITIGATING mycotoxins in feed
World Grain - December 2019 - 65
World Grain - December 2019 - 66
World Grain - December 2019 - 67
World Grain - December 2019 - 68
World Grain - December 2019 - 69
World Grain - December 2019 - SUPPLIER NEWS
World Grain - December 2019 - 71
World Grain - December 2019 - 72
World Grain - December 2019 - WORLD GRAIN ARCHIVE
World Grain - December 2019 - ADVERTISER INDEX
World Grain - December 2019 - 75
World Grain - December 2019 - 76
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