World Grain - December 2019 - 68

FEED QUARTERLY

ferent years with varying mycotoxin levels, and the
presence of living organisms can potentially increase
mycotoxin levels in storage that are detrimental to both
humans and livestock.
"Feed millers should consider implementing difIHUHQW VWUDWHJLHV WR H൵HFWLYHO\ FRQWURO P\FRWR[LQV RQ
their grain," advised Carlos A. Campabadal, PhD,
International Grains Program Institute, Department of
Grain Science and Industry, Kansas State University.
&DPSDEDGDOVDLGGXULQJVWRUDJHGL൵HUHQWJUDLQTXDOity management strategies should be utilized to reduce
any potential increase in the grain's temperature and
moisture content that can trigger mycotoxin production. Among these strategies is the application of mold

Mycotoxins can
cause a variety of
adverse health effects
and pose a serious
health threat to both
humans and livestock.
inhibitor, grain aeration, grain movement, reduction of
internal condensation inside the storage structure (silo
or warehouse), etc.
"It is important that the feeders on the animal farms get
cleaned periodically to reduce any potential accumulation
of old feed that can get moldy," Campabadal said.
³3UHYHQWLRQ PHWKRGV LQFOXGLQJ SUHKDUYHVW ¿HOG
management and post-harvest storage management,
DUHVWLOOWKHPRVWH൵HFWLYHVWUDWHJLHVVLQFHP\FRWR[LQV
are hard to be eliminated once they are present in the
ingredients," commented Peng et al, 2018.
REDUCING RISK FOR PROCESSING
Campabadal said if mycotoxins are present during feed
SURFHVVLQJRUDVD¿QLVKHGIHHGWKHIHHGVKRXOGEHVHSDrated depending on its mycotoxin concentration. He added
that in some cases higher levels of certain mycotoxins can
be fed to bigger mature animals like beef cattle compared
to other more susceptible animals like day-old chickens.
"It is possible in some instances to reduce the mycotoxin load of grain for further processing," Gwirtz said.
³7HFKQLTXHV LQFOXGH DJJUHVVLYHLQWHQVLYH VFRXULQJ WR
reduce mycotoxin presence at or near the surface of the
grain. Intensive scouring may be less useful under conditions where fungus hyphae have deeply penetrated the
JUDLQ6SHFL¿FJUDYLW\VHSDUDWLRQPHWKRGVFDQEHXVHGWR
68

H[FOXGH RU VHSDUDWH ORZHU VSHFL¿F JUDYLW\ NHUQHOV ZLWK
severe fungal infections that may contain elevated toxin
levels. Color sorting of grain may also aid in separatLQJ R൵FRORU FRQWDPLQDWHG JUDLQ IURP JRRG PDWHULDO WR
be processed.
"The processor must have the ability to handle, store
and sell grain with higher levels of contamination generated as a result of the selective separation. Where mycotoxin
contamination is limited to the outer surface, processing
systems are designed to separate the outer seed coat, or
bran mycotoxins may be concentrated in the co-product
feed. The endosperm and germ can be further separated
DQGUHGXFHGLQWRÀRXUVHPROLQDPHDORUJULWZLWKDVLJQL¿FDQWO\ORZHUHGP\FRWR[LQOHYHO&DUHIXOPRQLWRULQJRI
WKHSURFHVVLVUHTXLUHGDVWHVWVIRUP\FRWR[LQVGRQRWWHOO
us the location of the toxin contaminating the grain, which
may change depending on growing, harvesting and storage conditions."
0\FRWR[LQUHGXFLQJ H൵HFWV RI RWKHU IHHG PDQXIDFWXUing technologies, like milling, dehulling and thermal methods, could be inconsistent and limited by various practiFDOFRQGLWLRQV,QDGGLWLRQWKHHYLGHQWUHGXFLQJH൵HFWVRI
VRPHSK\VLFDOUHPRYDOPHWKRGVUHTXLUHWKHFRVWVRIKLJK
grain mass loss, which could be a dilemma from the aspect
of practical manufacturing, reported Peng et al, 2018.
FEED ADDITIVE SOLUTIONS
Another strategy to control mycotoxins in feed is to add
mycotoxin binder in the feed ingredient mixing process.
They can help bind mycotoxins in the stomach of the animal to make them get excreted out of their digestive system, Campabadal said.
According to Vila-Donat, et al, 2018, Food Technology
Department, University of Lleida, Spain, in 2009, the
(XURSHDQ8QLRQ(&DSSURYHGWKHXVHRIP\cotoxin-detoxifying agents, as additives to prevent mycotoxicoses in farm animals.
³7KHUH DUH QR H൵HFWLYH PHWKRGV RI GHFRQWDPLQDWLQJ
feed with mycotoxins, but the use of adsorbents is the
only practical solution to feed decontamination," they
said. Vila-Donat et al, 2018, concluded: "adsorbents with
PXOWLP\FRWR[LQDGVRUSWLRQDELOLW\VHHPVWREHDQH൵HFtive solution."
³7KH0\FR¿[SURGXFWOLQHRIP\FRWR[LQGHDFWLYDWLQJ
feed additives uses all three mitigation strategies to provide absolute protection against mycotoxins," Mueller
H[SODLQHGDGGLQJ³0\FR¿[FRQWDLQVEHQWRQLWHIRUWKHVHOHFWLYHELQGLQJRIDGVRUEDEOHP\FRWR[LQVVXFKDVDÀDWR[ins and ergot alkaloids. It also contains microorganisms
and enzymes that transform trichothecenes, zearalenone,
ochratoxin A, and fumonisins into non-toxic substances.
Lastly, it contains a blend of plant and algae extracts for
hepato- and immune-protection."
Weaver said Alltech RAPIREAD comprises a system
December 2019 / World Grain / www.World-Grain.com


http://www.World-Grain.com

World Grain - December 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - December 2019

World Grain - December 2019
Contents
FROM THE EDITOR - Addressing the climate change enigma
CALENDAR OF EVENTS
VICTAM Asia combining event with VIV Health & Nutrition
News Review - ADM opens new Vietnam feed facility
COFCO appoints new company chairman
Miller Milling elevates Mitani to president, CEO
ADM advances strategic plan in face of tough external environment
LDC makes executive leadership changes
Bunge battling through difficult environment in ag business
Ardent Mills names new VP of operations
GrainGrowers appoints new leadership
GRAIN MARKET REVIEW - OILSEEDS
COUNTRY FOCUS - TURKEY
TECHNICAL PROFILE: SIMPLE BUT NOT ORDINARY
FEATURE: BUILT FROM SCRATCH, WITH ‘NO COMPROMISES'
Seaboard continues to expand in Africa
FEATURE: IAOM MEA CELEBRATES 30 YEARS
FEATURE: TOO MUCH GRAIN, TOO LITTLE DEMAND
FEED QUARTERLY - AFIA's new leader sees opportunities in challenges
IPPE to examine sustainability, disease
When it’s time to build…
MITIGATING mycotoxins in feed
SUPPLIER NEWS
WORLD GRAIN ARCHIVE
ADVERTISER INDEX
World Grain - December 2019 - World Grain - December 2019
World Grain - December 2019 - World Grain - December 2019
World Grain - December 2019 - 2
World Grain - December 2019 - 3
World Grain - December 2019 - 4
World Grain - December 2019 - Contents
World Grain - December 2019 - FROM THE EDITOR - Addressing the climate change enigma
World Grain - December 2019 - 7
World Grain - December 2019 - VICTAM Asia combining event with VIV Health & Nutrition
World Grain - December 2019 - Miller Milling elevates Mitani to president, CEO
World Grain - December 2019 - ADM advances strategic plan in face of tough external environment
World Grain - December 2019 - LDC makes executive leadership changes
World Grain - December 2019 - Bunge battling through difficult environment in ag business
World Grain - December 2019 - GrainGrowers appoints new leadership
World Grain - December 2019 - GRAIN MARKET REVIEW - OILSEEDS
World Grain - December 2019 - 15
World Grain - December 2019 - COUNTRY FOCUS - TURKEY
World Grain - December 2019 - 17
World Grain - December 2019 - 18
World Grain - December 2019 - 19
World Grain - December 2019 - TECHNICAL PROFILE: SIMPLE BUT NOT ORDINARY
World Grain - December 2019 - 21
World Grain - December 2019 - 22
World Grain - December 2019 - 23
World Grain - December 2019 - Seaboard continues to expand in Africa
World Grain - December 2019 - 25
World Grain - December 2019 - 26
World Grain - December 2019 - 27
World Grain - December 2019 - 28
World Grain - December 2019 - 29
World Grain - December 2019 - 30
World Grain - December 2019 - 31
World Grain - December 2019 - FEATURE: IAOM MEA CELEBRATES 30 YEARS
World Grain - December 2019 - 33
World Grain - December 2019 - 34
World Grain - December 2019 - 35
World Grain - December 2019 - 36
World Grain - December 2019 - 37
World Grain - December 2019 - 38
World Grain - December 2019 - 39
World Grain - December 2019 - FEATURE: TOO MUCH GRAIN, TOO LITTLE DEMAND
World Grain - December 2019 - 41
World Grain - December 2019 - 42
World Grain - December 2019 - 43
World Grain - December 2019 - 44
World Grain - December 2019 - 45
World Grain - December 2019 - FEED QUARTERLY - AFIA's new leader sees opportunities in challenges
World Grain - December 2019 - 47
World Grain - December 2019 - 48
World Grain - December 2019 - 49
World Grain - December 2019 - 50
World Grain - December 2019 - 51
World Grain - December 2019 - IPPE to examine sustainability, disease
World Grain - December 2019 - 53
World Grain - December 2019 - 54
World Grain - December 2019 - 55
World Grain - December 2019 - When it’s time to build…
World Grain - December 2019 - 57
World Grain - December 2019 - 58
World Grain - December 2019 - 59
World Grain - December 2019 - 60
World Grain - December 2019 - 61
World Grain - December 2019 - 62
World Grain - December 2019 - 63
World Grain - December 2019 - MITIGATING mycotoxins in feed
World Grain - December 2019 - 65
World Grain - December 2019 - 66
World Grain - December 2019 - 67
World Grain - December 2019 - 68
World Grain - December 2019 - 69
World Grain - December 2019 - SUPPLIER NEWS
World Grain - December 2019 - 71
World Grain - December 2019 - 72
World Grain - December 2019 - WORLD GRAIN ARCHIVE
World Grain - December 2019 - ADVERTISER INDEX
World Grain - December 2019 - 75
World Grain - December 2019 - 76
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