World Grain - February 2020 - 64

SYRIAN
FEED INDUSTRY FACES UNCERTAIN FUTURE
Output has been halved since the civil war began in 2011

J

ust as Syria's feed industry was
starting to gain traction in the
early part of the last decade, the
country became engulfed in a civil
ZDU :LWK WKH FRQÀLFW VWLOO UDJLQJ
nine years later and showing few
signs of slowing, feed production
capacity has fallen by 50%, but the
industry is still functioning despite
the turmoil.
Today, there are 15 feed mills in
VLJQL¿FDQWRSHUDWLRQLQ6\ULDDFFRUGing to Maria Daly, communications
manager for Alltech Europe. During
WKH\HDUVRIFRQÀLFWWKHSRXOWU\IHHG
production in the country has shrunk
from 1 million tonnes to 700,000

tonnes per year, Daly said, referring
to estimations from the Food and
Agriculture Organization (FAO).
Other sectors were impacted,
too. For instance, about 1.5 million tonnes of milk was produced
in Syria in 2017, which, at an average of 8,000 kg of milk per cow per
year, computes to about 187,000
cows - a large reduction compared
to the pre-war level.
7KH H[DFW SURGXFWLRQ ¿JXUHV
remain unknown since Syrian
President Bashar al-Assad's regime
is controlling only around 60% of the
country's territory. The feed mills
keep running even in the territories

controlled by rebels, especially in
the areas controlled by the Kurdishdominated Syrian Democratic
Forces, which include rich agricultural land. But information about
the production performance of the
IHHG PLOOV LQ WKH GL൵HUHQW SDUWV RI
the country is sketchy.
When war broke out in 2011,
Syria had an expanding poultry
industry with annual production
of 300,000 tonnes of poultry meat
and 5 billion eggs - 1.5 billion of
which were exported to the neighboring Persian Gulf countries. The
red meat sector included 15.5 million sheep, 2.01 million goats, 1.01
PLOOLRQ FDWWOH DQG  EX൵DOR DV
of late of 2010, the FAO estimated.
Syria was also a major mutton
exporter on the global market, supplying its neighbors with close to
3 million sheep per year with a net
worth of up to $450 million.
7KRVH¿JXUHVKDGEHHQJUDGXDOO\
growing as the country's livestock
industry was considered an attractive investment, but the war changed
everything. Mutton exports began
shrinking in 2011 and completely
VWRSSHGLQZKHQDIXOOÀHGJHG
hunger crisis broke out in Syria with
nearly one-third of the local population considered food insecure.
RAW MATERIALS IN DEMAND
Most feed mills in Syria are operating
at rather low utilization ratios, since
they are lacking raw materials. The
A poultry farm destroyed by an air strike
in Syria.

64

February 2020 / World Grain / www.World-Grain.com

Courtesy of NGO Independent Arabia.

by Vladislav Vorotnikov


http://www.World-Grain.com

World Grain - February 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - February 2020

World Grain - February 2020
Contents
From the Editor - Narrowing the gender gap in agribusiness
Calendar of Events
IAOM plans annual conference and expo in Portland, Oregon, U.S.
News Review
Grain Market Review - Rice
Country Focus - Focus on Saudi Arabia
Technical Profile - Flatbread: A favorite in Saudi Arabia
Feature - Growing women's role in agribusiness
Feed Quarterly
GEAPS: Event is March 21-24 at the Minneapolis Convention Center
GEAPS Product Showcase
Supplier News
Archive
Ad index
World Grain - February 2020 - World Grain - February 2020
World Grain - February 2020 - World Grain - February 2020
World Grain - February 2020 - 2
World Grain - February 2020 - 3
World Grain - February 2020 - 4
World Grain - February 2020 - Contents
World Grain - February 2020 - From the Editor - Narrowing the gender gap in agribusiness
World Grain - February 2020 - 7
World Grain - February 2020 - IAOM plans annual conference and expo in Portland, Oregon, U.S.
World Grain - February 2020 - 9
World Grain - February 2020 - News Review
World Grain - February 2020 - 11
World Grain - February 2020 - 12
World Grain - February 2020 - 13
World Grain - February 2020 - 14
World Grain - February 2020 - 15
World Grain - February 2020 - Grain Market Review - Rice
World Grain - February 2020 - 17
World Grain - February 2020 - Country Focus - Focus on Saudi Arabia
World Grain - February 2020 - 19
World Grain - February 2020 - 20
World Grain - February 2020 - 21
World Grain - February 2020 - Technical Profile - Flatbread: A favorite in Saudi Arabia
World Grain - February 2020 - 23
World Grain - February 2020 - 24
World Grain - February 2020 - 25
World Grain - February 2020 - Feature - Growing women's role in agribusiness
World Grain - February 2020 - 27
World Grain - February 2020 - 28
World Grain - February 2020 - 29
World Grain - February 2020 - 30
World Grain - February 2020 - 31
World Grain - February 2020 - 32
World Grain - February 2020 - 33
World Grain - February 2020 - 34
World Grain - February 2020 - 35
World Grain - February 2020 - 36
World Grain - February 2020 - 37
World Grain - February 2020 - 38
World Grain - February 2020 - 39
World Grain - February 2020 - 40
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World Grain - February 2020 - 42
World Grain - February 2020 - 43
World Grain - February 2020 - 44
World Grain - February 2020 - 45
World Grain - February 2020 - 46
World Grain - February 2020 - 47
World Grain - February 2020 - Feed Quarterly
World Grain - February 2020 - 49
World Grain - February 2020 - 50
World Grain - February 2020 - 51
World Grain - February 2020 - 52
World Grain - February 2020 - 53
World Grain - February 2020 - 54
World Grain - February 2020 - 55
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World Grain - February 2020 - 60
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World Grain - February 2020 - 63
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World Grain - February 2020 - 65
World Grain - February 2020 - 66
World Grain - February 2020 - 67
World Grain - February 2020 - 68
World Grain - February 2020 - 69
World Grain - February 2020 - GEAPS: Event is March 21-24 at the Minneapolis Convention Center
World Grain - February 2020 - 71
World Grain - February 2020 - GEAPS Product Showcase
World Grain - February 2020 - 73
World Grain - February 2020 - 74
World Grain - February 2020 - 75
World Grain - February 2020 - 76
World Grain - February 2020 - 77
World Grain - February 2020 - 78
World Grain - February 2020 - 79
World Grain - February 2020 - 80
World Grain - February 2020 - 81
World Grain - February 2020 - Supplier News
World Grain - February 2020 - 83
World Grain - February 2020 - 84
World Grain - February 2020 - 85
World Grain - February 2020 - 86
World Grain - February 2020 - 87
World Grain - February 2020 - 88
World Grain - February 2020 - Archive
World Grain - February 2020 - Ad index
World Grain - February 2020 - 91
World Grain - February 2020 - 92
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