World Grain - June 2020 - 20

COUNTRY FOCUS

FOCUS ON

KAZAKHSTAN
Country is a key wheat flour
supplier in Eastern Europe
by Chris Lyddon

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and Uzbekistan. The government's response to the coronavirus
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The International Grains Council (IGC) forecasts Kazakhstan's
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3.8 million in 2019-20.
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GLOBAL POWER IN FLOUR
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in 2019-20. Kazakhstan is a
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annual report on the sector
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country's wheat production at 13.5 million tonnes
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11.4 million in the previous
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"Though wheat area continues to
20

KEY FACTS
Capital: Nur-Sultan
Population: 19,091,949 (2020 est.)
Religions: Muslim 70.2%, Christian 26.2% (mainly
Russian Orthodox), other 0.2%, atheist 2.8%, unspecified 0.5% (2009 est.).
Location: Central Asia, northwest of China; a small
portion west of the Ural (Zhayyq) River in easternmost
Europe.
Government: Presidential republic. Chief of state:
President Kasym-Zhomart Tokayev (since March 20,
2019); head of government: Prime Minister Askar
Mamin (since Feb. 25, 2019).
Economy: Kazakhstan's vast hydrocarbon and mineral reserves form the backbone of its economy. Geographically the largest of the former Soviet republics,
excluding Russia, Kazakhstan possesses substantial
fossil fuel reserves and other minerals and metals. It
also has a large agricultural sector featuring livestock
and grain. The government realizes that its economy
suffers from an overreliance on oil and extractive
industries and has made initial attempts to diversify
its economy by targeting sectors like transport, pharmaceuticals, telecommunications, petrochemicals and
food processing for greater development and investment. It also adopted a Subsoil Code in December
2017 with the aim of increasing exploration and investment in the hydrocarbon, and particularly mining,
sectors. Kazakhstan's oil production and potential is
expanding rapidly. A $36.8 billion expansion of Kazakhstan's premiere Tengiz oil field by Chevron-led
Tengizchevroil should be complete in 2022. Kazakhstan is landlocked and depends on Russia to export
its oil to Europe. It also exports oil directly to China.
In 2010, Kazakhstan joined Russia and Belarus to establish a Customs Union to boost foreign investment
and improve trade. The Customs Union evolved into
a Single Economic Space in 2012 and the Eurasian
Economic Union (EAEU) in January 2015. Supported
by rising commodity prices, Kazakhstan's exports to
EAEU countries increased 30.2% in 2017. Imports
from EAEU countries grew by 24.1%. While growth
slowed to about 1% in both 2015 and 2016, a moderate recovery in oil prices, relatively stable inflation
and foreign exchange rates, and the start of production at Kashagan helped push 2017 GDP growth to
4%. Despite some positive institutional and legislative changes in the last several years, investors remain
concerned about corruption, bureaucracy, and arbitrary law enforcement, especially at the regional and
municipal levels. An additional concern is the condition of the country's banking sector, which suffers
from poor asset quality and a lack of transparency.
GDP per capita:  $26,300 (2017 est.); inflation:
7.4% (2017 est.); unemployment: 5% (2017 est.).
Currency: tenge (KZT): 412 tenge (KZT) are equal to
1 US dollar (May 21, 2020).
Exports: $49.29 billion (2017 est.): oil and oil products, natural gas, ferrous metals, chemicals, machinery, grain, wool, meat, coal.
Imports: $31.85 billion (2017 est.): machinery and
equipment, metal products, foodstuffs.
Agriculture: 4.7% (2017 est.) of GDP and 18.1%
of the labor force.
Internet: Code: .kz; 14,100,751 users.
Source: CIA World Factbook

June 2020 / World Grain / www.World-Grain.com


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World Grain - June 2020

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https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_12_01
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http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_10_01
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http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_07_01
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http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_05_01
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