World Grain - June 2020 - 38

FEATURE: MILLING IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC ISLANDS

Left: A. Cowley
and Sons has a
semi-automated
tunnel oven for
toast bread and
other products.
Right: Atta flour is
a newer product
introduced to
supermarkets by
two Fijian milling
companies.

38

of instant noodles, 30% palm oil and often eaten dry as a
snack, is high. One company produces them locally, but
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FRQVXPSWLRQSHUFDSLWDH[FHHGVZKHDWÀRXUZLWKPRVW
ULFHFRPLQJIURP$XVWUDOLDRU&KLQD
7KH .LQJGRP RI 7RQJD  WR WKH VRXWK RI
Samoa has healthy, small-scale commercial agriculture
and even exports melons to Samoa and containerloads
RIWDURWR$XVWUDOLDDQG1HZ=HDODQGZKHUHWKHUHDUH
ODUJH FRPPXQLWLHV RI 3DFL¿F ,VODQGHUV VHQGLQJ KRPH
UHPLWWDQFHVWKDWDFFRXQWIRUDELJSDUWRI*'3LQVHYeral countries.
The largest Tongan baking company and one of the
PDLQIRRGLPSRUWHUVLV$&RZOH\	6RQVHVWDEOLVKHG
LQWKHODWHth century by the English immigrant greatJUDQGIDWKHURIWKHFXUUHQWRZQHU$OIUHG&RZOH\7KH
company has invested in a semi-automated tunnel oven
to counter labor shortages resulting from the large
QXPEHURI7RQJDQVZRUNLQJDEURDG,WLVWKHH[FOXVLYH
import agent of FMF, including its popular breakfast
crackers, and has the same arrangement for Fonterra
SRZGHUHGPLONIURP1HZ=HDODQG7KHVHFRQGOHDGLQJ
Tongan baker has its own breakfast cracker production.
6HYHUDO\HDUVDJR&RZOH\VWDUWHGDOD\HUIDUPDW¿UVW
WRSURYLGHHJJVIRUKLVFDNHEDNHU\,WKDVEHFRPHWKH
ODUJHVWSRXOWU\RSHUDWLRQRQ7RQJDZLWKKHQVUHTXLULQJLPSRUWDWLRQRIDIHZFRQWDLQHUORDGVRISRXOWU\
POLYNESIA
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6DPRDGRHVQRWKDYHDÀRXUPLOO5DWKHULWV
'HVSLWHLWVUHPRWHQHVV)UHQFK3RO\QHVLD
major food importers have strong alliances with the two centered on the largest island Tahiti, is politically inte)LMLDQPLOOHUVWRSURFXUHZKHDWÀRXUIRUFRPPHUFLDOEDN- grated with France, in much the same way Hawaii is
eries, mostly attached to large supermarkets, and for retail part of the United States. Government subsidized prisales in those stores. Large rectangular loaves of white YDWHÀRXULPSRUWVRIWRWRQQHVSHU\HDUDUH
toast bread are the biggest sellers, but a growing middle conducted through a highly regulated tendering proclass and burgeoning tourism has spurred demand for a cess subject to much controversy.
greater variety of bread and pastry types. Consumption
7XYDOX  LV NQRZQ DV WKH ZRUOG¶V OHDVW YLV-

country of Oceania, is home to one milling company.
Delite Flour Mill is located in the capital of Honiara on
the island of Guadalcanal, where the majority of the urban population is concentrated. The company imports
wheat in bulk containers for domestic production of
DERXWRIWKHÀRXUXVHGLQWKHFRXQWU\3HUFDSLWD
ZKHDW ÀRXU XVH LV ZHOO EHORZ  JUDPV LQ FRQWUDVW
to most countries of the region where it exceeds that.
Lower average incomes and dispersal of the population
on dozens of islands in the archipelago contribute to
VPDOOHUFRQVXPSWLRQ'HOLWHKDVIRUWL¿HGLWVÀRXURXWSXWZLWKYLWDPLQVDQGPLQHUDOVVLQFH
Rice, mostly imported, is eaten much more than
ZKHDWÀRXU$ODZUHTXLULQJYLWDPLQDQGPLQHUDOIRUWL¿FDWLRQRIDOOLPSRUWHGULFHZDVSDVVHGLQ
9DQXDWX is the largest country in the South
3DFL¿F ZLWKRXW D ZKHDW PLOO 'LVWULEXWLRQ RI ÀRXU WR D
population spread evenly over a large archipelago of at
OHDVWLQKDELWHGLVODQGVLVDQREVWDFOH,PSRUWHGEUHDNfast crackers are a staple food. Up until independence in
9DQXDWXIRUPHUO\1HZ+HEULGHVZDVMRLQWO\DGPLQLVWHUHGE\WKH%ULWLVKDQG)UHQFK7KHLQÀXHQFHRIWKH
ODWWHULVUHÀHFWHGLQDVWURQJSUHIHUHQFHIRUEDJXHWWHVWKH
PDLQRXWSXWRIWKHODUJHVWEUHDGPDNHU$K3RZ%DNHU\
LQ 3RUW9LOD WKH FDSLWDO$K 3RZ UHOLHV PDLQO\ RQ ÀRXU
LPSRUWHGIURP$XVWUDOLDDQG,QGRQHVLD

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