World Grain - July 2020 - 20

Mexico corn production, imports
(in 1,000 tonnes)

30,000
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
5,000

Production *Estimated **Projected

2020-21**

2019-20*

2018-19

2017-18

2016-17

2015-16

Imports

2014-15

0

2013-14

20

CORN IS KING
The biggest crop in Mexico is corn, in terms of both consumption
and production.
"Production in Mexico is diverse, from large-scale and irrigated commercial operations to very small farms that grow local
varieties on rain-fed plots for subsistence," the attaché said.
Corn is primarily considered as a food grain, but consumption
per person has fallen in recent years.
"This contraction is explained by slowed economic growth

2012-13

WHEAT AND MILLING
The attaché explained that "wheat production in Mexico continues to be spread throughout the country, with the largest
producing states being Sonora, Baja California and Guanajuato, which together account for approximately 76% of total
wheat production."
In 2019-20, there was a move in plantings away from the durum-type wheat called "cristalino" to bread wheat in the states of
Sonora and Baja California, the attaché explained.
7KHDWWDFKpSXWWKHQXPEHURIÀRXUPLOOVLQWKHFRXQWU\DW7KH
most recent statistical report available on the website of the industry organization CANIMOLT (La Cámara Nacional de la Industria
Molinera de Trigo) gives a 2016 total of 84 plants, with an installed
capacity of 8.8 million tonnes. Capacity utilization was 74%.
Wheat consumption for food, seed and industrial use is forecast by the attaché to rise by around 1.4% in 2020-21, mainly
driven by population growth. There was also an increase in
2019-20, the attaché explained, as bread consumption recovered from a reduction the year before because of campaigns to
persuade consumers to eat fewer calories.
"Continued declines are also possible, as the government and
SXEOLFKHDOWKRUJDQL]DWLRQVODXQFKQHZFDPSDLJQVWR¿JKWREHVLty and diabetes," the attaché said. "At the same time, new labeling
regulations that could be in place by the end of 2020 could also
discourage the consumption of pre-packaged bread products."

The new labeling regulation includes "Front of Pack Warning Signs" (i.e. black labels on foods and beverages warning
that products contain "too much sugar," "too much fat," or "too
many calories"), the report explained. Feed consumption of
wheat is expected to fall because of its higher cost relative to
alternatives such as corn.
"New products perceived as being healthier than traditional
alternatives continue to make headway in Mexico," the attaché
said. "For example, consumption of whole grain and organic
baked goods continues to rise."
The report cites CANIMOLT as saying that Mexicans consume an average of 53.9 kilograms of wheat each a year.

Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service

July 2020 / World Grain / www.World-Grain.com

©Dusan Kostic - stock.adobe.com

estimated, and down from 1 million tonnes the year before. Imports of oats are put at 100,000 tonnes, an unchanged forecast,
with the previous year's level at 150,000 tonnes.
Mexico is also forecast to import 800,000 tonnes of rice in
D¿JXUHWKDWLVXQFKDQJHGIURPWKHHDUOLHUHVWLPDWHDQG
unchanged from 2019-20.
The IGC forecasts Mexico's imports of soybeans in 2020-21
DWPLOOLRQWRQQHVXQFKDQJHGIURPLWVSUHYLRXV¿JXUHDQG
up from 6 million the year before. Imports of rapeseed in 202021 are forecast at 900,000 tonnes, an unchanged estimate that
compares with 1 million the year before.
"Mexico will continue to be a major importer of basic grains,"
the attaché said in an annual report on the sector dated March 12.
"In MY 2019-20, imports are expected to continue their modest
growth to meet growing demand for livestock feed. The United
States is expected to remain Mexico's principal supplier due to
logistical advantages and existing business relationships."


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World Grain - July 2020

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