World Grain - October 2020 - 24

COUNTRY FOCUS

(in 1,000 tonnes)

2,500
2,000
1,500

500

2020-21**

Imports

2019-20*

Consumption

2018-19

2017-18

Ending stocks

2016-17

2015-16

0

Production

The report put Zimbabwe's 2020-21 corn import need at
around 1 million tonnes and predicted that South Africa,
which has had a bumper crop, will be the major supplier.
MILLING SECTOR
The Grain Millers' Association of Zimbabwe has 105 members, according to a report carried by the Newsday website on
Sept. 1, 2020. The website reported calls for national chairman Tafadzwa Musarara and his entire executive group to
be reelected. Musarara's term expired in June 2020, but the
organization has been unable to elect a new chairman and executive because of the COVID-19 pandemic.
"National Foods is the largest miller in Zimbabwe, with
milling facilities strategically located across the country,"
William Harry Kapfupi, technical executive - Maize & Cereals at the company, told World Grain by email.
³7KHUHDUHÀRXUDQGFRUQPLOOVLQWKHFDSLWDO+DUDUHDVZHOO
DVWKHVHFRQGODUJHVWFLW\%XODZD\R´.DSIXSLVDLG³:LWKFRUQ
being the staple in Zimbabwe, there are two more corn mills,
in the border towns of Mutare and Masvingo, which are utilized in times of drought when demand for corn meal peaks."
1DWLRQDO)RRGVLVWKHPDUNHWOHDGHULQÀRXUDQGFRUQPLOOing, processing 200,000 tonnes of wheat and 200,000 tonnes
of corn annually against an estimated market size of 275,000
WRQQHVRIÀRXUDQGWRQQHVRIFRUQPHDOKHVDLG
"Plant capacity utilization varies from year to year dependent on demand with highs of 100% achieved in drought
\HDUVDOWKRXJKRQDYHUDJHLVDFKLHYHGLQÀRXUPLOOV
and 50% in corn mills," he said. "The milling industry in
Zimbabwe continues to grow, with new entrants in the sector every year supported by local availability of raw materials. Zimbabwe is seized with economic constraints, in
particular access to foreign currency, which is essential for
millers to procure critical spares, services and raw materials, thereby presenting a challenge to the industry. Through
October 2020 / World Grain / www.World-Grain.com

Source: US Department of Agriculture

1,000

2014-15

24

Zimbabwe corn situation

2013-14

"The 2020-21 MY (marketing year) is the second consecutive
year Zimbabwe recorded a below-average corn harvest, and
food insecurity is of severe concern."
The attaché forecast that Zimbabwe would need to import
some 1 million tonnes of corn in 2020-21.
"Late in 2019, Zimbabwe lifted restrictions on the importation of genetically engineered (GE) corn," the report pointed
out. "This paved the way for South Africa, with a bumper corn
crop, to be the main supplier of corn to Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe's 2020-21 MY's summer crop season had been characterized by erratic and late rains, followed by extended periods
of drought, with improved rainfall in January and February."
The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) report added
that most producers' purchases of farm inputs were limited by
high prices and cash availability, adding to farmers' problems.
"Fertilizer was also in short supply due to foreign exchange
FKDOOHQJHV´WKH)$6VDLG³,QDQH൵RUWE\7UHDVXU\WRFRQWDLQ
spending, the Zimbabwean government could not optimally
roll out its producer support programs: The Presidential Input
Scheme and the Special Maize and Soybean Program for Import Substitution (Command Agriculture). As a result, farm inputs were generally inadequate to meet the requirements and
the bulk of the inputs were also distributed late in the season."
The attaché explained that the Presidential Input Scheme
supports 1.8 million small-scale and communal farmers by
distributing free inputs for corn production. The Command
Agriculture scheme "aims at supporting larger farmers to produce approximately 2 million tonnes of corn to cover Zimbabwe's annual requirement for human consumption and
livestock feed," the attaché said. "Similar to a contract arrangement, each farmer participating in the program receives
a 'loan' in the form of a full production input package, including seed, fertilizers, chemicals and fuel, to plant corn in a
VSHFL¿HGDUHD
"After harvesting the corn, the farmers have an obligation
WRGHOLYHUDVSHFL¿HGWRQQDJHWRWKH*UDLQ0DUNHWLQJ%RDUG
*0%DVUHSD\PHQWIRUWKHORDQ7KHFRUQDUHDSODQWHGXQGHU
the Command Agriculture for the 2020-21 MY was 113,365
hectares, or only 7% of the total area under corn."
The attaché also highlighted problems with fall armyworm,
which has been reported across most of the country, with African armyworm in parts of the Midlands province.
"A number of registered chemicals have been recommended for control of the pest and are available on the market," the
report said. "However, the high costs of chemicals hampered
the control, and pest infestation levels ranged from 1% to 10%
LQLQGLYLGXDO¿HOGV
"Fortunately, no locust outbreaks were reported as in East
Africa. Notwithstanding these pest and climatic challenges,
the cultivation of GE corn in Zimbabwe is still prohibited."
Maize is the staple food of the majority of Zimbabweans.
"Following the poor corn harvest of the last two years, Zimbabwe's corn supplies are critically low," the attaché said. "In addition, the poor macroeconomic environment and the COVID-19
lockdown continues to drive food insecurity in the country."


http://www.World-Grain.com

World Grain - October 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - October 2020

World Grain - October 2020 - 1
World Grain - October 2020 - 1
World Grain - October 2020 - 2
World Grain - October 2020 - 3
World Grain - October 2020 - 4
World Grain - October 2020 - 5
World Grain - October 2020 - 6
World Grain - October 2020 - 7
World Grain - October 2020 - 8
World Grain - October 2020 - 9
World Grain - October 2020 - 10
World Grain - October 2020 - 11
World Grain - October 2020 - 12
World Grain - October 2020 - 13
World Grain - October 2020 - 14
World Grain - October 2020 - 15
World Grain - October 2020 - 16
World Grain - October 2020 - 17
World Grain - October 2020 - 18
World Grain - October 2020 - 19
World Grain - October 2020 - 20
World Grain - October 2020 - 21
World Grain - October 2020 - 22
World Grain - October 2020 - 23
World Grain - October 2020 - 24
World Grain - October 2020 - 25
World Grain - October 2020 - 26
World Grain - October 2020 - 27
World Grain - October 2020 - 28
World Grain - October 2020 - 29
World Grain - October 2020 - 30
World Grain - October 2020 - 31
World Grain - October 2020 - 32
World Grain - October 2020 - 33
World Grain - October 2020 - 34
World Grain - October 2020 - 35
World Grain - October 2020 - 36
World Grain - October 2020 - 37
World Grain - October 2020 - 38
World Grain - October 2020 - 39
World Grain - October 2020 - 40
World Grain - October 2020 - 41
World Grain - October 2020 - 42
World Grain - October 2020 - 43
World Grain - October 2020 - 44
World Grain - October 2020 - 45
World Grain - October 2020 - 46
World Grain - October 2020 - 47
World Grain - October 2020 - 48
World Grain - October 2020 - 49
World Grain - October 2020 - 50
World Grain - October 2020 - 51
World Grain - October 2020 - 52
World Grain - October 2020 - 53
World Grain - October 2020 - 54
World Grain - October 2020 - 55
World Grain - October 2020 - 56
World Grain - October 2020 - 57
World Grain - October 2020 - 58
World Grain - October 2020 - 59
World Grain - October 2020 - 60
World Grain - October 2020 - 61
World Grain - October 2020 - 62
World Grain - October 2020 - 63
World Grain - October 2020 - 64
World Grain - October 2020 - 65
World Grain - October 2020 - 66
World Grain - October 2020 - 67
World Grain - October 2020 - 68
World Grain - October 2020 - 69
World Grain - October 2020 - 70
World Grain - October 2020 - 71
World Grain - October 2020 - 72
World Grain - October 2020 - 73
World Grain - October 2020 - 74
World Grain - October 2020 - 75
World Grain - October 2020 - 76
World Grain - October 2020 - 77
World Grain - October 2020 - 78
World Grain - October 2020 - 79
World Grain - October 2020 - 80
World Grain - October 2020 - 81
World Grain - October 2020 - 82
World Grain - October 2020 - 83
World Grain - October 2020 - 84
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2018_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2018_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/20111_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_10_02
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_10_02
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_08_01
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com