World Grain - February 2021 - 20

COUNTRY FOCUS

(in 1,000 tonnes)

100,000
80,000
60,000
40,000
20,000

2020-21*

2019-20

2018-19

2017-18

2016-17

Exports

2015-16

0

2014-15

WG_Feb21.indb 20

Russia wheat production, exports

2013-14

20	

mate of 500,000, as well as the 500,000 exported in 2019-20.
In an annual report on the sector dated April 27, 2020, the
USDA attaché said Russia has a well-developed sunflower
seed production and processing sector, and in recent years
has increased focus on developing other oilseed production,
namely soybeans and rapeseed and minor crops like flax, safflower, and mustard.
" Over the last 15 years, oilseed planted area has increased
2.4 times, reaching 13.8 million hectares in 2018 and 14.5 million hectares in 2019, " the report said. " The important trend
of the last four seasons has been the gradual shift from niche
crops to more profitable varieties such as sunflower, soybeans
and rapeseed. These oilseeds make up 91% of the total oilseeds area in Russia. "

2012-13

Production *Projected

Flour milling
According to data from the Russian Union of Flour Mills and
Cereals Plants, published by the European Flour Millers, of
which the Russian organization is an associate member, there
are 281 industrial flour mills in the country.
Russia produces 9.3 million tonnes of wheat flour and 1.2
million tonnes of rye flour, with mills operating at around 60%
capacity.
Biotechnology
In a Feb. 18, 2020, annual report on biotechnology in the
country, the USDA attaché said " the Russian Federation does
not allow cultivation of GE crops. However, there is no ban on
imports of GE commodities, food and feed. "
" In order to import, the Government of Russia (GOR) requires that GE lines present in food, feed and commodities be
registered in Russia, " the report explained.
However, Kiev-based agricultural experts UkrAgroConsult
reported on Jan 21 that the Russian government extended until Jan. 1, 2022, the exemption of genetically modified (GM)
soybeans and meal (soybean oilcake) for animal feed from

Ra
po

Ra
se
bo

Ra
USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service

mate of 14 million and from the 14.3 million produced in
the previous year. The forecast for barley is unchanged at
20.5 million tonnes, up from 19.5 million in 2019-20. Russia's crop of oats is put at 4.2 million tonnes, another unchanged forecast, with the previous year's output at 4.4 million. The IGC's rye production figure is unchanged from its
earlier forecast at 1.8 million tonnes, with the previous year
at 1.4 million.
The IGC's forecast for total Russian grain exports in 202021 is 47.7 million tonnes, down from an earlier prediction of
48.2 million, but well up on the 2019-20 figure of 42.8 million tonnes. Its 2020-21 grain imports are forecast at 300,000
tonnes, a figure unchanged both from the previous estimate
and the previous year's level.
The country's wheat exports in 2020-21 are forecast at
38.8 million tonnes, unchanged from the figure published in
November, but up on the 34 million attained in 2019-20. Its
wheat import forecast is an unamended 300,000 tonnes, up
from 200,000 the year before.
Corn exports in 2020-21 are put at 3.6 million tonnes, down
from a previous forecast of 4.1 million, with 2019-20 shipments at 4.2 million.
The IGC also expects Russia to export 30,000 tonnes of rye
in 2020-21, compared with 3,000 in 2019-20.
Government policy may affect the level of exports.
" In mid-December, Russia announced a further strengthening of planned export controls for the 2020-21 marketing year
in efforts to curb domestic price inflation, " the IGC explained.
" In addition to the previously announced 17.5-million-tonne
cap on grain exports (wheat, corn, barley and rye) from midFebruary, an export duty of €25 per tonne is to be applied to
wheat shipments, rising to 50% (not less than €100 per tonne)
if the quota volume is exceeded.
" Shipments up to the end of December are estimated at
around 24 million tonnes, leaving about 14.8 million to be exported in the second half of the season. However, there were
rumors that export restrictions could be further tightened. "
There is no annual attaché report on grains for 2020, but in
a May 22, 2019, report, the Foreign Agricultural Service said
that " Russia has expanded its global market presence with rising exports to Africa, Southeast Asia, and some countries in
the Western Hemisphere. "
" Russia has become a major competitor to all other wheat
exporting countries, " the FAS said. " One of the key challenges is with respect to infrastructure. There is an acute need to
advance the throughput of grain elevators and yet with the
current pace of investment, this would take several years. Until then, moving grain internally remains a challenge, especially for various types of rail cars and trains. "
The IGC puts Russia's 2020-21 soybean production at
4.3 million tonnes, down from a previous estimate of 4.5
million, as well as from the 2019-20 crop of 4.4 million.
Its rapeseed crop is put at 2.5 million tonnes, an unchanged
estimate, with the previous year's crop at 2 million. It is expected to export 600,000 tonnes, up from the previous esti-

February 2021 / World Grain / World-Grain.com

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World Grain - February 2021

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