World Grain - February 2021 - 28

FEATURE: GRAIN EXPORT RESTRICTIONS TAKING TOLL

30,000
20,000
10,000

2020-21*

2019-20

2018-19

2017-18

2016-17

2015-16

2014-15

2013-14

2012-13

2011-12

0

2010-11

WG_Feb21.indb 28

40,000

2009-10

28	

In May 2020, the government introduced a food
stamps system to guarantee at least some level of food
security to the population. The authorities remain silent
on what independent media describe as a full-fledged
food crisis. Still, local market participants estimated
that up to 35% of the local population might be short
of food in 2020.
" Kazakhstan, Iran, and Russia, which were saving
the country in these situations with emergency grain
supplies in the past, due to the pandemic are stripped of
this opportunity, or use it differently now, as Tajikistan
and Kirgizia are also in need, " said Natalia Kharitonova,
expert at the International Crises Research Center.
Tajikistan, Kirgizia braced for famine
The other Central Asian countries also are experiencing huge economic problems, which, coupled with
trade barriers on the global market, reportedly could
put thousands of households on the brink of starvation.
" To import some products, we need currency, " said
Tajik economist Pairav Chonsharviev. " The value of
import is three times that of the value of export, and
we have a shortage of foreign currency of $3 billion
per year. The lack of the currency is compensated with
transactions from migrants, which means that food security is dependent on these transitions. "
Millions of citizens of Turkmenistan, Tajikistan,
Kirgizia, and Uzbekistan work in Russia primarily in
the construction industry and food retail. In Tajikistan,
migrant transactions totaled $2.7 billion in 2019, or
33.4% of the country's GDP. The picture is similar in
the neighboring countries. However, due to the pandemic, quite a few migrants had to return home, leading to reduced cash flow.
According to Radio Azattyq, meat and butter are con-

Source: US Department of Agriculture's Foreign Agricultural Service

Blue bars indicate seasons with export limits
*Projected

Photo courtesy of Neuero

zens from purchasing more than 50 kilograms of flour
per household per month. At that time, Turkmenistan
struggled with a lack of food as the domestic grain harvest hit a record low of 1 million tonnes. However, the
relatively good grain harvest and unprecedented state
control over grain fields this season have not prevented
problems in the food industry and economy as a whole.
The Central Bank of Turkmenistan's exchange rate has
remained at 3.5 manats per US dollar for the last five
years, but on the black market, the exchange rate hit 25
manats per US dollar - the highest figure ever, sparking inflation and making citizens poorer than ever.

(in 1,000 tonnes)

50,000

2008-09

Grain is loaded
into a ship at the
Port of Novorossiysk in southwestern Russia.

Russian wheat exports totals since 2007-08

2007-08

based Turkmen Initiative for Human Rights (TIHR).
" Right before the beginning of the harvesting campaign, the regional authorities, police, and tax office
have been visiting farms running their own mills
to shut them down so that all grain ended up in the
state warehouses, " said TIHR spokesperson Farid
Tukhbatulin.
Struggling against the grain shortage, the government also ordered state-owned farms to increase grain
production compared to the previous year. The targets
set by the government in most cases were unrealistic,
local farmers claimed.
Speaking with farmers, Turkmenistan President
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow stressed that grain output could be boosted to 4.5 tonnes of grain per hectare
on average, although the actual figure is standing at 3.7
tonnes to 3.8 tonnes. In 2020, Turkmenistan collected
1.4 million tonnes of wheat. In the previous years, the
government officials estimated the domestic demand at
1.6 million tonnes or 1.7 million tonnes.
Local citizens are no strangers to food shortages,
which are linked to the domestic grain market situation.
In 2017, the authorities had to temporarily prohibit citi-

February 2021 / World Grain / World-Grain.com

2/12/2021 8:30:40 AM


http://www.World-Grain.com

World Grain - February 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - February 2021

World Grain - February 2021 - 1
World Grain - February 2021 - 1
World Grain - February 2021 - 2
World Grain - February 2021 - 3
World Grain - February 2021 - 4
World Grain - February 2021 - 5
World Grain - February 2021 - 6
World Grain - February 2021 - 7
World Grain - February 2021 - 8
World Grain - February 2021 - 9
World Grain - February 2021 - 10
World Grain - February 2021 - 11
World Grain - February 2021 - 12
World Grain - February 2021 - 13
World Grain - February 2021 - 14
World Grain - February 2021 - 15
World Grain - February 2021 - 16
World Grain - February 2021 - 17
World Grain - February 2021 - 18
World Grain - February 2021 - 19
World Grain - February 2021 - 20
World Grain - February 2021 - 21
World Grain - February 2021 - 22
World Grain - February 2021 - 23
World Grain - February 2021 - 24
World Grain - February 2021 - 25
World Grain - February 2021 - 26
World Grain - February 2021 - 27
World Grain - February 2021 - 28
World Grain - February 2021 - 29
World Grain - February 2021 - 30
World Grain - February 2021 - 31
World Grain - February 2021 - 32
World Grain - February 2021 - 33
World Grain - February 2021 - 34
World Grain - February 2021 - 35
World Grain - February 2021 - 36
World Grain - February 2021 - 37
World Grain - February 2021 - 38
World Grain - February 2021 - 39
World Grain - February 2021 - 40
World Grain - February 2021 - 41
World Grain - February 2021 - 42
World Grain - February 2021 - 43
World Grain - February 2021 - 44
World Grain - February 2021 - 45
World Grain - February 2021 - 46
World Grain - February 2021 - 47
World Grain - February 2021 - 48
World Grain - February 2021 - 49
World Grain - February 2021 - 50
World Grain - February 2021 - 51
World Grain - February 2021 - 52
World Grain - February 2021 - 53
World Grain - February 2021 - 54
World Grain - February 2021 - 55
World Grain - February 2021 - 56
World Grain - February 2021 - 57
World Grain - February 2021 - 58
World Grain - February 2021 - 59
World Grain - February 2021 - 60
World Grain - February 2021 - 61
World Grain - February 2021 - 62
World Grain - February 2021 - 63
World Grain - February 2021 - 64
World Grain - February 2021 - 65
World Grain - February 2021 - 66
World Grain - February 2021 - 67
World Grain - February 2021 - 68
World Grain - February 2021 - 69
World Grain - February 2021 - 70
World Grain - February 2021 - 71
World Grain - February 2021 - 72
World Grain - February 2021 - 73
World Grain - February 2021 - 74
World Grain - February 2021 - 75
World Grain - February 2021 - 76
World Grain - February 2021 - 77
World Grain - February 2021 - 78
World Grain - February 2021 - 79
World Grain - February 2021 - 80
World Grain - February 2021 - 81
World Grain - February 2021 - 82
World Grain - February 2021 - 83
World Grain - February 2021 - 84
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-february-2021
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2021_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2018_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2018_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/20111_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2005_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_10_02
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_10_02
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_08_01
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com