World Grain - February 2021 - 30

FEATURE: GRAIN EXPORT RESTRICTIONS TAKING TOLL

Even in the Soviet time, when there
was a death penalty for (grain)
stealing, the 1-million-tonne target
of grain (production) was never
beat. These statements are
nothing more than populism.
Rustam Gunushev, chairman of the
Kyrgyz flour milling companies committee
sidered luxuries now in Tajikistan as the country faces
a steep price hike. Prices for some food jumped by
nearly 30%, driven by expensive grain and feed. This is
a nightmare for some of the world's poorest countries
where, according to the World Food Programme calculation, 47% of the population lives on less than $1.33
per day, and nearly 30% is consistently short of food.
During the first nine months of 2020, Tajikistan imported 650,000 tonnes of wheat, with most supplies

30	

WG_Feb21.indb 30

coming from Russia and Kazakhstan. Local market participants are concerned about new export quotas in 2021.
" The (Russian) protectionist policy is likely to calm
down their domestic market but further heat up the
grain market in the region, " said a Tajik farmer who
asked to remain anonymous. " The export prices are
climbing in dollars, but for Tajikistan, the prices are
also jumping because of our currency's depreciation.
This will impact everyone tremendously, as the government has no idea what to do about it, since their
(national budget) incomes dwindled, and they cannot
help those millions on the edge of starvation. "
Before the pandemic, the average Tajik citizen lacked
on average 223 calories per day, research conducted by
the Economist Intelligence Unit showed. By comparison, in neighboring Uzbekistan, this figure is limited
to 43 calories, and in Kazakhstan it is only 17 calories.
To battle very similar problems, the Kyrgyzstan
government announced plans to boost the domestic
grain harvest to 1 million tonnes to meet the domestic demand.
" In 2020, we plan to collect 700,000 tonnes, while
in coming years we hope to push this figure to 1 mil-

February 2021 / World Grain / World-Grain.com

2/12/2021 8:30:41 AM

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World Grain - February 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - February 2021

World Grain - February 2021 - 1
World Grain - February 2021 - 1
World Grain - February 2021 - 2
World Grain - February 2021 - 3
World Grain - February 2021 - 4
World Grain - February 2021 - 5
World Grain - February 2021 - 6
World Grain - February 2021 - 7
World Grain - February 2021 - 8
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