World Grain - March 2021 - 26

years
yye
ears
e
SOSLAND PUBLISHING

A CENTURY OF

grain trade
Volume changes have been seismic, while origins and destinations have
fluctuated and will continue to do so as new disruptors emerge
by Susan Reidy

S

ince man began producing grain many centuries ago,
there has been a need to trade it - with a neighbor,
a neighboring village or a nearby region. As technology improved, infrastructure built, communication
UH¿QHG DQG FURSV EXUJHRQHG EH\RQG GHPDQG QDWLRQV
started looking beyond their borders for trade partners.
While there was global trade here and there a century
DJRVLJQL¿FDQWDPRXQWVRIWUDGHVWDUWHGLQWKHVDQG
have continued to ramp up into the billions of dollars and
millions of tonnes that move about the globe
in today's marketplace.
" Trade, in general, has moved
from a regional relationship
to a much more global
intercontinental relationship that's been
facilitated by technology and transportation, " said
Gary McGuigan,
president
of
Archer Daniels
Midland's Global
Trade group. " It's
just the globalization of what we do;
it really is interconnected fully. While the
IRUPDOWDUL൵IUHHDJUHHments have increased as
ZHOOLQWKRVH\HDUVZH¶YH

26

Editor's Note: As Sosland Publishing gears up to
celebrate 100 years of providing food industry professionals timely information, news and commentary, we
will be publishing a series of feature articles across all
our titles to celebrate the past, present and future of the
people and industry that feeds the world.
also seen governments wanting to get involved either to
limit exports or to buy imports into government reserves. "
The global trade of grain has increased exponentially
IURP  WR DQ HVWLPDWHG  PLOOLRQ WRQQHV LQ 
according to data from the Foreign Agricultural Trade of
the United States (FATUS).
" We've had strong growth in trade, particularly for the
ODVW\HDUV´VDLG6WHIDQ9RJHOKHDGRIFRPPRGLWLHVIRU
Rabobank, UK. " That trend will continue because production of all crops is increasing in regions that have land
but not the most population. Other regions in the world
where the population is growing, land and water resources
are scarce. "
$ORQJ ZLWK WKH DPRXQW RI JOREDO WUDGH WKH ÀRZ RI
FRPPRGLWLHV LQ DQG RXW RI FRXQWULHV KDV ÀXFWXDWHG
Technological advances, along with protectionist policies and domestic subsidies starting before World War
,, DQG DFFHOHUDWLQJ LQ WKH HDUO\ V DIWHU IRRG SULFH
VSLNHVFKDQJHGWKHJHRJUDSKLFGLVWULEXWLRQRIWUDGHÀRZV
Population growth in developing countries and the availability of cheap food encouraged reliance on imports, according to a Food and Agriculture Organization report on
global trends and challenges.
March 2021 / World Grain / World-Grain.com


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World Grain - March 2021

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