World Grain - November 2021 - 22

COUNTRY FOCUS
Indonesia wheat consumption
(in 1,000 tonnes)
Indonesia wheat imports
(in 1,000 tonnes)
2,000
4,000
6,000
8,000
10,000
12,000
2,000
4,000
6,000
8,000
10,000
12,000
*Estimated **Projected
Currently, 30 flour mills are operational across the archipelago,
including 22 mills on Java Island, six mills on Sumatera
Island and two mills in South Sulawesi, the report said.
Despite a challenging 2020, the expansion of existing mills
continues. Installed capacity in 2020-21 is estimated to reach
12.8 million tonnes, an increase from 12.6 million in 2019-20.
However, running capacity is currently only averaging 60%
to 70%, a decline from 80% in 2018-19, the report said.
" Additionally, new flour mills located in Riau, West Java,
North Sumatera, and South Sulawesi are expected to come
online in 2022, " the USDA said. " As more mills open and expand
capacity, competition in the market is expected to further
increase price sensitivities, already a major factor in determining
the source of imports. "
The attaché expects Australia to export significant quantities
of wheat to Indonesia, following an improved harvest,
with Ukraine and Russia increasing their prices and restricting
imports.
" Argentina, which saw its market share of Indonesian imports
soar at the expense of Australia, has faced challenges
meeting demand due to strikes and less competitive prices, "
the report noted. " During the first six months of 2020-21 (July-December),
Australia's market share increased to 10.2%,
compared to 7.9% during the same period of 2019-20.
" Ukraine continued to lead the market with a 47.5% market
share, followed by Canada with 26.9%. The US market share
remains relatively stable at 10.2%. "
The flour market is dominated by local production, with a
99.9% market share.
" In line with weakened consumer purchasing power and reduced
consumption, wheat flour imports during the period of
July 2020 to January 2021 decreased 46% to 25,600 tonnes
(wheat equivalent) compared to 48,041 tonnes in the same period
of 2019-20, " the attaché said. " Turkey held the largest wheat
flour market share (64%), followed by South Korea with 13%. "
22
Wheat flour consumption has been increasing and stood at
31kg per capita in 2019-20.
" Indonesia's trend toward urbanization and a growing middle
class continue to align with an increasingly diverse diet
and increased consumption of wheat-based foods such as
bread, pizza and pasta, " the attaché said. " The COVID-19
outbreak and resulting global and local economic slowdown
has decreased the growth rate of wheat consumption for food.
" The closure and subsequent re-opening with limited capacity
of shopping malls and restaurants has changed consumer
behavior, leading to an increase in at-home food preparation. "
Indonesia's Ministry of Agriculture provides farmers with
subsidized seed to encourage corn production.
" In 2020, around 70% of total corn area was grown with
hybrid corn seed, " it said. " Despite some concerns from farmers
on the quality of the subsidized seed, the program did incentivize
farmers to grow corn over other secondary crops. "
However, with a reduced budget allocated to MOA, the volume
of certified subsidized hybrid corn seed under the 2021
program has been reduced to cover only 988,000 hectares, the
report said.
Feed milling capacity rising
Indonesia's feed mill sector consists of 110 feed mills located
in 10 provinces, with 81 mills located on Java Island, the report
said. In 2020, total installed capacity reached approximately
29.7 million tonnes, an increase of 20% from 24.7 million
tonnes in 2018.
" Feed mills are running at 70% of total installed capacity, "
the attaché said.
Turning to rice, the attaché said approximately 50% to 55%
of rice production is in Java, while Sumatera and Sulawesi
contribute 20% and 12%, respectively. Approximately 85% of
rice production comes from irrigated paddy fields.
" In order to assist people economically affected by the panNovember
2021 / World Grain / World-Grain.com
2021-22**
2020-21*
2019-20
2018-19
2017-18
2016-17
2015-16
2014-15
2013-14
2021-22**
2020-21*
2019-20
2018-19
2017-18
2016-17
2015-16
2014-15
2013-14
USDA Foreign Agricultural Service
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World Grain - November 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - November 2021

World Grain - November 2021 - Intro
World Grain - November 2021 - 1
World Grain - November 2021 - 2
World Grain - November 2021 - 3
World Grain - November 2021 - 4
World Grain - November 2021 - 5
World Grain - November 2021 - 6
World Grain - November 2021 - 7
World Grain - November 2021 - 8
World Grain - November 2021 - 9
World Grain - November 2021 - 10
World Grain - November 2021 - 11
World Grain - November 2021 - 12
World Grain - November 2021 - 13
World Grain - November 2021 - 14
World Grain - November 2021 - 15
World Grain - November 2021 - 16
World Grain - November 2021 - 17
World Grain - November 2021 - 18
World Grain - November 2021 - 19
World Grain - November 2021 - 20
World Grain - November 2021 - 21
World Grain - November 2021 - 22
World Grain - November 2021 - 23
World Grain - November 2021 - 24
World Grain - November 2021 - 25
World Grain - November 2021 - 26
World Grain - November 2021 - 27
World Grain - November 2021 - 28
World Grain - November 2021 - 29
World Grain - November 2021 - 30
World Grain - November 2021 - 31
World Grain - November 2021 - 32
World Grain - November 2021 - 33
World Grain - November 2021 - 34
World Grain - November 2021 - 35
World Grain - November 2021 - 36
World Grain - November 2021 - 37
World Grain - November 2021 - 38
World Grain - November 2021 - 39
World Grain - November 2021 - 40
World Grain - November 2021 - 41
World Grain - November 2021 - 42
World Grain - November 2021 - 43
World Grain - November 2021 - 44
World Grain - November 2021 - 45
World Grain - November 2021 - 46
World Grain - November 2021 - 47
World Grain - November 2021 - 48
World Grain - November 2021 - 49
World Grain - November 2021 - 50
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World Grain - November 2021 - 56
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World Grain - November 2021 - 84
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