World Grain - November 2021 - 54

FEATURE: RUSSIAN FARMERS UNHAPPY WITH NEW RESTRICTIONS
Russian wheat exports
(in 1,000 tonnes)
Total
2014-15
2015-16
2016-17
2017-18
2018-19
2019-20
2020-21
2021-22*
* Projected
would have to refrain from purchasing new equipment.
Quota adds tension
So far, the concern about losing export markets has
been mostly unwarranted since, in August, the country
managed to export 6.08 million tonnes of grain - the
highest figure ever, according to estimates by Russian
analytical agency ProZerno. The largest sales markets
were Turkey, Iran and Syria.
The accelerating exports could push the Russian government
to introduce an export quota for the second half
of the season. Rumors persist that the government is
mulling an introduction of a grain quota in addition to
the export duty, not to replace it. Korbut said there is a lot
of market uncertainty regarding the quota introduction.
Some market participants expressed confidence that
the Russian government's primary objective is to fill
the treasury, not protect the domestic market.
" There is no doubt that fiscal measures alone would
not secure any price relief for the domestic market, "
said a Russian grain industry source who wished to
remain anonymous. " The average feed price has been
rising for about 18 months in a row, and the authorities
could have spent the collected money to provide
reimbursement to livestock producers, for example,
in the form of subsidies on feed. However, it looks
like the target is only to cut the super margins that
the government officials, for some reason, believe we
make now. "
Feed additives in the spotlight
The Russian government not only limits grain exports
but also recently placed tough restrictions upon feed
additives imports. Since June 2020, the Russian veterinary
watchdog, Rosselhoznadzor, restricted the import
of feed from 12 countries, including the United
54
22,800
25,456
27,815
41,447
35,863
34,485
38,500
35,000
World rank
4th
2nd
3rd
1st
1st
1st
1st
tied 1st
States, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, the United
Kingdom, and others, citing GMO fears and fraud concerns
since several Canadian and European suppliers
allegedly have exported products with a composition
not matching the information on the label.
The Russian feed industry is divided by those who
back Rosselhoznadzor on this issue and those who believe
the restrictions are unjustified and make the entire
Russian livestock industry less efficient since Russia
imports around 90% of feed additives.
The second group gathered under the Russian Grain
Union's National Feed Union (NFU) banner. Its members
believe all Russian livestock companies and producers
will pay a high price for Rosselhoznadzor's
restrictions.
" Russian farmers have not had many options of
sourcing feed additives, " the National Feed Union said.
" Due to the massive restriction of imports by veterinary
services, the Russian market for feed additives is
shrinking like pebbled leather.
" The artificial restrictions are already bringing billions
in losses to Russian agricultural holdings. If vigorous
measures are not taken, in a year or two the losses
will grow by an order of magnitude for our producers
of milk, meat, eggs, and other livestock products. "
The NFU said Rosselhoznadzor's restrictions " artificially
created barriers at the borders and monopolies "
on the Russian market.
" In the absence of real feedback and the unwillingness
of a constructive dialogue on the part of the regulator,
the world's largest suppliers are forced to adjust
risk levels, product range, and reduce investment programs
in Russia, " the NFU added.
However, not everybody shares this opinion. Sergey
Mikhnuyk, chairman of the Russian National Feed
Union, said Rosselhoznadzor is executing its duties of
protecting the Russian market from products of dubious
quality.
Mikhnuyk said foreign regulators had not been willing
to enter into negotiations with Rosselhoznadzor
when the Russian inspections had discovered several
fraud cases, so there was no choice for the Russian
veterinary officials but to introduce the temporary
restrictions.
Moreover, the Russian regulator opened the doors
for some European and US companies, pending negotiations
with foreign regulators prevent price fluctuations
on the domestic market, Mikhnuyk said.
However, those negotiations reportedly have brought
little to no result so far, and the prospects of Russia resuming
feed additives imports remain vague.
VWe want to hear from you - Send comments and inquiries
to worldgrain@sosland.com. For reprints of WG articles,
email reprints@sosland.com.
November 2021 / World Grain / World-Grain.com
Source: US Department of Agriculture's Foreign Agricultural Service
http://www.World-Grain.com

World Grain - November 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - November 2021

World Grain - November 2021 - Intro
World Grain - November 2021 - 1
World Grain - November 2021 - 2
World Grain - November 2021 - 3
World Grain - November 2021 - 4
World Grain - November 2021 - 5
World Grain - November 2021 - 6
World Grain - November 2021 - 7
World Grain - November 2021 - 8
World Grain - November 2021 - 9
World Grain - November 2021 - 10
World Grain - November 2021 - 11
World Grain - November 2021 - 12
World Grain - November 2021 - 13
World Grain - November 2021 - 14
World Grain - November 2021 - 15
World Grain - November 2021 - 16
World Grain - November 2021 - 17
World Grain - November 2021 - 18
World Grain - November 2021 - 19
World Grain - November 2021 - 20
World Grain - November 2021 - 21
World Grain - November 2021 - 22
World Grain - November 2021 - 23
World Grain - November 2021 - 24
World Grain - November 2021 - 25
World Grain - November 2021 - 26
World Grain - November 2021 - 27
World Grain - November 2021 - 28
World Grain - November 2021 - 29
World Grain - November 2021 - 30
World Grain - November 2021 - 31
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