World Grain - July 2021 - 20

COUNTRY FOCUS
KEY FACTS
FOCUS ON
BRAZIL
Country is world-leading soybean producer
but is dependent on wheat imports
by Chris Lyddon
Brazil is one of the world's largest producers of agricultural and
food products, leading the world in oilseeds production, for example.
However, its low wheat production makes its flour milling
industry dependent on imports, a situation the country's millers
want to see change.
The International Grains Council (IGC), in its May 27 Grain
Market Report, forecast total Brazilian grains production in
2021-22 at 128.4 million tonnes, up from an estimate of 128.3
million the previous month and from the previous year's total
crop of 108.9 million tonnes.
It put the country's wheat crop at 6.9 million tonnes, 200,000
above the previous forecast and up from 6.2 million in 2020-21.
The forecast for Brazil's corn crop is an unrevised 117.4 million
tonnes, up from 98.5 million the year before. Sorghum production
is forecast at 2.6 million tonnes, revised up from 2.5 million,
but down from 2.8 million the previous year.
Brazil's total 2021-22 grains exports are now forecast at 32.8
million tonnes, revised down from the previous estimate of 37.7
million, and down from 36.6 million the previous year. Its grain
imports are put at an unrevised 8.6 million tonnes, down from 9.9
million in 2020-21. Of that, wheat imports are forecast
at 6.7 million tonnes, which is unrevised
from the IGC's previous estimate and
unchanged from the previous year.
Total corn exports are put at 32.1
million tonnes, down from a previous
estimate of 37 million
tonnes. Corn exports in 202021
were 35.4 million tonnes.
Brazil is forecast to import
1.4 million tonnes of corn,
an unrevised figure that
compared with the previous
year's 2.6 million. The IGC
said Brazil also will import
500,000 tonnes, an unrevised
forecast, down from 600,000
tonnes the previous year.
Brazil is the biggest soybean
producer in the world with a crop
20
Capital: Brasilia
Population: 213,445,417 (July 2021 est.)
Religions: Roman Catholic 64.6%, other Catholic
0.4%, Protestant 22.2% (includes Adventist 6.5%,
Assembly of God 2.0%, Christian Congregation of
Brazil 1.2%, Universal Kingdom of God 1.0%, other
Protestant 11.5%), other Christian 0.7%, Spiritist
2.2%, other 1.4%, none 8%, unspecified 0.4% (2010
est.).
Location: Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic
Ocean.
Government: Federal presidential republic. Chief of
state and head of government: President Jair Bolsonaro
(since Jan. 1, 2019).
Economy: Brazil is the eighth-largest economy in
the world but is recovering from a recession in 2015
and 2016 that ranks as the worst in the country's
history. In 2017, Brazil`s GDP grew 1%, inflation fell
to historic lows of 2.9%, and the Central Bank lowered
benchmark interest rates from 13.75% in 2016
to 7%. The economy has been negatively affected
by multiple corruption scandals involving private
companies and government officials, including the
impeachment and conviction of Former President
Dilma Rousseff in August 2016. Sanctions against
the firms involved - some of the largest in Brazil
- have limited their business opportunities, producing
a ripple effect on associated businesses and
contractors but creating opportunities for foreign
companies to step into what had been a closed
market. The succeeding Temer administration has
implemented a series of fiscal and structural reforms
to restore credibility to government finances. Congress
approved legislation in December 2016 to
cap public spending. Government spending growth
had pushed public debt to 73.7% of GDP at the
end of 2017, up from over 50% in 2012. The government
also boosted infrastructure projects, such
as oil and natural gas auctions, in part to raise revenues.
Other economic reforms, proposed in 2016,
aim to reduce barriers to foreign investment, and
to improve labor conditions. Policies to strengthen
Brazil's workforce and industrial sector, such as local
content requirements, have boosted employment,
but at the expense of investment. Brazil is a member
of the Common Market of the South (Mercosur),
a trade bloc that includes Argentina, Paraguay and
Uruguay. After the Asian and Russian financial crises,
Mercosur adopted a protectionist stance to guard
against exposure to volatile foreign markets and it
currently is negotiating Free Trade Agreements with
the European Union and Canada.
GDP per capita: $14,652 (2019 est.); inflation: 3.7%
(2019 est.); unemployment: 11.93% (2019 est.).
Currency: reals (BRL): 5.04 reals equal 1 US dollar
(June 21, 2021).
Exports: $291.452 billion (2019 est.): soybeans, crude
petroleum, iron, corn, wood pulp products (2019).
Imports: $271.257 billion (2019 est.): refined petroleum,
vehicle parts, crude petroleum, integrated
circuits, pesticides (2019).
Agriculture: 6.6% (2017 est.) of GDP and 9.4% of the
labor force.
Internet: Code: .br; 140,908,998 users.
Source: CIA World Factbook
July 2021 / World Grain / World-Grain.com
http://www.World-Grain.com

World Grain - July 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - July 2021

World Grain - July 2021 - Intro
World Grain - July 2021 - 1
World Grain - July 2021 - 2
World Grain - July 2021 - 3
World Grain - July 2021 - 4
World Grain - July 2021 - 5
World Grain - July 2021 - 6
World Grain - July 2021 - 7
World Grain - July 2021 - 8
World Grain - July 2021 - 9
World Grain - July 2021 - 10
World Grain - July 2021 - 11
World Grain - July 2021 - 12
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World Grain - July 2021 - 16
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World Grain - July 2021 - 19
World Grain - July 2021 - 20
World Grain - July 2021 - 21
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https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-july-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-june-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-may-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-april-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-march-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-february-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2021_01_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_12_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_11_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_10_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_09_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_08_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_07_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_06_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_05_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_04_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_03_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_02_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_01_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_12_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_11_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_10_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_09_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_08_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_07_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_06_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_05_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_04_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_03_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_02_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2018_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2018_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/20111_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_08_01
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http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_03_01
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http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_01_01
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