World Grain - March 2023 - 29

As war with Russia enters second year,
Ukraine's grain industry is reeling
by World Grain Staff
L
ast year, Ukraine sustained horrible damage due to
the Russian invasion, causing grain production to
plummet. There are reasons to believe that 2023
will bring new destructions, casualties and losses and
that the global market could be braced for new shocks,
even worse than those seen in 2022.
In 2022, Ukraine harvested 67 million tonnes of
grains and oilseeds, 30% lower compared to the previous
year, the Ukrainian Agri Council estimated. The
farmers hope to maintain this production level this
year, but in the current circumstance, this looks highly
unlikely.
Andriy Dykun, head of the Ukrainian Agri Council
and SaveUA Charity Fund, estimated that farmers
sowed 26% less hectares of winter crops compared to
the fall of 2021 in the territories controlled by Kyiv
and 43% compared with the total figure planted in the
previous year. The spring sowing campaign also is expected
to be a big challenge.
" According to farmers, grain production (in 2023)
will decrease by 37% compared to 2022 and 60% compared
to 2021, " Dykun admitted.
Ukraine now has less land to produce grain than before
the invasion. Svitlana Lytvyn, an analyst of the
Ukrainian club of agricultural business (UCAB), estimated
that Russians, since February 2022, captured 3.8
million hectares of Ukrainian farmland. Another 3.8
million hectares cannot be sown because of the proximity
to the frontline, or contamination with mines,
Lytvyn said.
Price matters
However, the problems of the Ukrainian grain industry
are not limited to the physical loss of land. UCAB admitted
that farmers largely abandon wheat production
in northeast and central regions, those located relatively
far away from the hostilities.
" The reason for this trend is the limited ability to export
grain, expensive logistics and, as a result, a significant
difference in prices across regions, " Lytvyn said,
explaining that regions located close to seaports and
bordering with the EU have a higher price for agricultural
products compared to regions in the north and east
of Ukraine.
For example, she estimated in Transcarpathia, the
corn price currently stands at 6800 UAH ($184) per
tonne with VAT, while in the Sumy region, it is as low
as 4900 UAH ($132).
World-Grain.com / World Grain / March 2023
29
┬ęSabphoto, Piotr Krzeslak-stock.adobe.com
http://www.World-Grain.com

World Grain - March 2023

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - March 2023

World Grain - March 2023 - Intro
World Grain - March 2023 - 1
World Grain - March 2023 - 2
World Grain - March 2023 - 3
World Grain - March 2023 - 4
World Grain - March 2023 - 5
World Grain - March 2023 - 6
World Grain - March 2023 - 7
World Grain - March 2023 - 8
World Grain - March 2023 - 9
World Grain - March 2023 - 10
World Grain - March 2023 - 11
World Grain - March 2023 - 12
World Grain - March 2023 - 13
World Grain - March 2023 - 14
World Grain - March 2023 - 15
World Grain - March 2023 - 16
World Grain - March 2023 - 17
World Grain - March 2023 - 18
World Grain - March 2023 - 19
World Grain - March 2023 - 20
World Grain - March 2023 - 21
World Grain - March 2023 - 22
World Grain - March 2023 - 23
World Grain - March 2023 - 24
World Grain - March 2023 - 25
World Grain - March 2023 - 26
World Grain - March 2023 - 27
World Grain - March 2023 - 28
World Grain - March 2023 - 29
World Grain - March 2023 - 30
World Grain - March 2023 - 31
World Grain - March 2023 - 32
World Grain - March 2023 - 33
World Grain - March 2023 - 34
World Grain - March 2023 - 35
World Grain - March 2023 - 36
World Grain - March 2023 - 37
World Grain - March 2023 - 38
World Grain - March 2023 - 39
World Grain - March 2023 - 40
World Grain - March 2023 - 41
World Grain - March 2023 - 42
World Grain - March 2023 - 43
World Grain - March 2023 - 44
World Grain - March 2023 - 45
World Grain - March 2023 - 46
World Grain - March 2023 - 47
World Grain - March 2023 - 48
World Grain - March 2023 - 49
World Grain - March 2023 - 50
World Grain - March 2023 - 51
World Grain - March 2023 - 52
World Grain - March 2023 - 53
World Grain - March 2023 - 54
World Grain - March 2023 - 55
World Grain - March 2023 - 56
World Grain - March 2023 - 57
World Grain - March 2023 - 58
World Grain - March 2023 - 59
World Grain - March 2023 - 60
World Grain - March 2023 - 61
World Grain - March 2023 - 62
World Grain - March 2023 - 63
World Grain - March 2023 - 64
World Grain - March 2023 - 65
World Grain - March 2023 - 66
World Grain - March 2023 - 67
World Grain - March 2023 - 68
World Grain - March 2023 - 69
World Grain - March 2023 - 70
World Grain - March 2023 - 71
World Grain - March 2023 - 72
World Grain - March 2023 - 73
World Grain - March 2023 - 74
World Grain - March 2023 - 75
World Grain - March 2023 - 76
World Grain - March 2023 - 77
World Grain - March 2023 - 78
World Grain - March 2023 - 79
World Grain - March 2023 - 80
World Grain - March 2023 - 81
World Grain - March 2023 - 82
World Grain - March 2023 - 83
World Grain - March 2023 - 84
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