World Grain - May 2022 - 40

FEED QUARTERLY: STUDY: NON-GM FEED HAS ITS COSTS
habitat conversion would need to
have increased by 54% to 11.6 million
acres, " the study found. " It
would almost double to 13.7 million
acres if a more realistic yield
advantage of 15% is considered for
GM corn. Similarly, grassy habitat
conversion would have to increase
to 9.1 million acres to overcome the
3% soy GM seed trait advantage. "
The study concluded that GM seed
technology has environmental and
economic benefits on the farm that
non-GM seeds cannot yet meet. GM
traits promote reduced tillage and
fuel use, thus reducing overall costs
and CO2
emissions.
Grain elevators and feed mills
For grain handling and feed production, a GM-free
product incurs potentially higher investments and costs
to segregate non-GM grain and ingredients.
As an intermediary, the grain elevator not only buys
non-GM at a premium price but also sells it at a higher
price. Therefore, clarity and transparency on costs of
segregation and isolation are critical for grain elevator
decisions on whether to handle non-GM grain.
The study found that the grain elevator would spend
an additional 5¢ to 7¢ per bushel to handle and segregate
non-GM soybeans, compared with regular soybeans,
and 7¢ to 9¢ per bushel for non-GM corn.
The feed mill, at the end of the feed production
chain, would see the largest increase in the price of the
final product, which has direct bearing on the price of
meat, milk and egg products derived from animals fed
with non-GM feed.
The report noted that the additional costs of segregating
non-GM product ingredients ranges from $4.91 to
$9.08 per ton for swine feed, $4.93 to $9.11 per ton for
broiler feed, $5.14 to $9.32 per ton of layer feed, 44¢
to $2.68 per ton of beef cattle feed, and $1.32 to $3.57
for dairy cattle feed.
" For the feed mill, the choice of the segregation strategy
has greater weight in the final additional costs, " the
study said. " Spatial segregation entails higher costs, especially
for smaller facilities, relative to temporal segregation
or dedication. "
When calculating the final costs for beef and dairy
cattle, the researchers said it is worth remembering that
these animals consume a significant fraction of their
diets from ingredients produced on the farm rather than
feed mill ingredients, the study said.
The study examined the impact of adventitious presence
(the unintended presence of low levels of trans40
For
feed
production, the
ability to be part
of a potentially
expanding GMfree
feed market
has capital and
operating cost
considerations.
genic material in non-GM ingredients
or products) at the farm, grain elevator
and feed mill levels and the extent
of segregation strategies needed to
have a high probability of achieving
three common trade tolerances (0.9%,
3% and 5%) of AP (adventitious presence)
of GM in non-GM grains.
The study noted that incoming grain
impurity has a strong influence on the
level of AP. For the segregation scenarios
modeled in the study, a 5% tolerance
was achievable. Elevator configurations
plays a significant role in determining
segregation capability, with
increased flexibility leading to a higher
probability of achieving the lower tolerances
of AP. A key finding by the researchers
was that " even facilities that may not be ideally
configured can still implement combinations of strategies
and achieve AP goals with reasonable confidence. "
" For feed production, the ability to be part of a potentially
expanding GM-free feed market has capital and
operating cost considerations, " the study noted. " The
ability to segregate to achieve desired AP tolerance levels
is feasible, but the management requirements add a
higher level of complexity unless the facility is solely
dedicated to non-GM feed. "
There are also environmental issues for feed mills
that must be weighed.
" As the animal sector pursues sustainability targets,
feed implications will need to be considered, " the study
noted. " For example, feed is a significant component
of an animal's carbon footprint. The scope of the GHG
impact linked to GM vs. non-GM feed will need to be
considered as the animal sector explores pathways to
meeting their evolving targets. "
Commenting on the 156-page report, Lara Moody,
executive director of IFEEDER, said: " Like many industries
involved in the production of America's food
supply, the US animal feed industry is diligently working
to be more sustainable and efficient, using all available
tools at its disposal, as part of our commitment to
consumers to be good environmental stewards. The research
released today shows that when you limit the use
of safe, proven technologies, like GM crops, the costs
for both environment and consumers can increase.
" As food retailers and manufacturers pursue ambitious
sustainability goals in the future, we hope this research
will inform their decision-making on the value
that GM feed provides. "
We want to hear from you - Send comments and inquiries
to worldgrain@sosland.com. For reprints of WG articles,
email reprints@sosland.com.
May 2022 / World Grain / World-Grain.com
http://www.World-Grain.com

World Grain - May 2022

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - May 2022

World Grain - May 2022 - Intro
World Grain - May 2022 - 1
World Grain - May 2022 - 2
World Grain - May 2022 - 3
World Grain - May 2022 - 4
World Grain - May 2022 - 5
World Grain - May 2022 - 6
World Grain - May 2022 - 7
World Grain - May 2022 - 8
World Grain - May 2022 - 9
World Grain - May 2022 - 10
World Grain - May 2022 - 11
World Grain - May 2022 - 12
World Grain - May 2022 - 13
World Grain - May 2022 - 14
World Grain - May 2022 - 15
World Grain - May 2022 - 16
World Grain - May 2022 - 17
World Grain - May 2022 - 18
World Grain - May 2022 - 19
World Grain - May 2022 - 20
World Grain - May 2022 - 21
World Grain - May 2022 - 22
World Grain - May 2022 - 23
World Grain - May 2022 - 24
World Grain - May 2022 - 25
World Grain - May 2022 - 26
World Grain - May 2022 - 27
World Grain - May 2022 - 28
World Grain - May 2022 - 29
World Grain - May 2022 - 30
World Grain - May 2022 - 31
World Grain - May 2022 - 32
World Grain - May 2022 - 33
World Grain - May 2022 - 34
World Grain - May 2022 - 35
World Grain - May 2022 - 36
World Grain - May 2022 - 37
World Grain - May 2022 - 38
World Grain - May 2022 - 39
World Grain - May 2022 - 40
World Grain - May 2022 - 41
World Grain - May 2022 - 42
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World Grain - May 2022 - 45
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World Grain - May 2022 - 76
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