World Grain - May 2022 - 42

Weather problems
impacting the Americas
South and North America each facing grain production challenges
by Drew Lerner
D
ryness has returned to Mato Grosso, Brazil,
just in time to hurt Safrinha corn yields during
reproduction. The moisture stress that was becoming
more widespread in the state at the end of April
will be closely monitored for about three weeks. In the
meantime, the market focus is quickly shifting back to
North America where there is much talk about weather
adversity.
The Brazilian situation is not good. The area impacted
is mostly Mato Grosso and Goias, but they collectively
represent a large portion of the anticipated second
season crop this year. Dryness during the reproduction
is never a good thing and yields are sliding lower. A
little more than half of the corn crop was reproducing
at the end of April and the remaining crop was expected
to reproduce in the first half of May. Topsoil moisture
was rated very short in many areas at the end of April
while subsoil moisture was rated marginally adequate
to short. Crop stress was present and increasing in the
last 10 days of April, but production cuts could still be
minimized by generalized showers and thunderstorms.
There is potential for some precipitation, but monsoonal
rains have ended for the season, leaving mid-latitude
frontal systems as the only method for bringing rain to
the region.
Argentina does have potential to be colder than
usual in May and that could send a cold airmass into
southern Brazil and a frontal system into Mato Grosso,
Mato Grosso do Sul, Parana and Goias. Such a frontal
system would bring rainfall to the area and could reverse
the declining yield trend. However, there were
no strong frontal systems expected through the first 10
42
days of May. The longer it takes to get moisture into
the Safrinha corn and cotton areas of Mato Grosso, the
more yield loss is possible. Most pollination already
will be complete by the third week in May, and if significant
rain has not occurred by that time, most of the
second season corn will come up with reduced yields.
Some analysts already have reduced the crop and more
cutting is expected through the first half of the month.
Problems looming for North America
North America is the next big production area in the
world that is vulnerable to adverse weather in 2022 and
any problems there, especially in the United States,
could create food shortages and send market prices
even higher.
North America weather
problems
already
have
evolved. Southwestern Canada's wheat and canola region
is still much too dry while excessive April precipitation
from North Dakota to Manitoba, Canada, has
stopped most farmers from entering their fields. The
situation is unlikely to improve enough for fieldwork
until possibly the middle of May.
Farther to the south in the US Midwest, Delta and
Tennessee River Basin, spring planting of rice and
corn has been delayed by too much rain and coolerthan-usual
temperatures. The wet-biased environment
was peaking in the first week of May with little to no
progress occurring in many areas, but there is still time
for improved weather and successful planting. In the
meantime, US hard red winter wheat areas are suffering
from all kinds of adverse weather and production is
expected to be cut.
May 2022 / World Grain / World-Grain.com
http://www.World-Grain.com

World Grain - May 2022

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - May 2022

World Grain - May 2022 - Intro
World Grain - May 2022 - 1
World Grain - May 2022 - 2
World Grain - May 2022 - 3
World Grain - May 2022 - 4
World Grain - May 2022 - 5
World Grain - May 2022 - 6
World Grain - May 2022 - 7
World Grain - May 2022 - 8
World Grain - May 2022 - 9
World Grain - May 2022 - 10
World Grain - May 2022 - 11
World Grain - May 2022 - 12
World Grain - May 2022 - 13
World Grain - May 2022 - 14
World Grain - May 2022 - 15
World Grain - May 2022 - 16
World Grain - May 2022 - 17
World Grain - May 2022 - 18
World Grain - May 2022 - 19
World Grain - May 2022 - 20
World Grain - May 2022 - 21
World Grain - May 2022 - 22
World Grain - May 2022 - 23
World Grain - May 2022 - 24
World Grain - May 2022 - 25
World Grain - May 2022 - 26
World Grain - May 2022 - 27
World Grain - May 2022 - 28
World Grain - May 2022 - 29
World Grain - May 2022 - 30
World Grain - May 2022 - 31
World Grain - May 2022 - 32
World Grain - May 2022 - 33
World Grain - May 2022 - 34
World Grain - May 2022 - 35
World Grain - May 2022 - 36
World Grain - May 2022 - 37
World Grain - May 2022 - 38
World Grain - May 2022 - 39
World Grain - May 2022 - 40
World Grain - May 2022 - 41
World Grain - May 2022 - 42
World Grain - May 2022 - 43
World Grain - May 2022 - 44
World Grain - May 2022 - 45
World Grain - May 2022 - 46
World Grain - May 2022 - 47
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World Grain - May 2022 - 49
World Grain - May 2022 - 50
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World Grain - May 2022 - 75
World Grain - May 2022 - 76
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