World Grain - November 2022 - 26

SOSLAND PUBLISHING
years
The time has come to start
" If the GM wheat got approved internationally, especially
in large wheat-producing countries such as
Australia, the United States, the Black Sea countries
and Europe, then definitely countries in the Middle
East would follow, especially Egypt, as it is a large
producer and consumer of wheat, " he said.
Al-Hazaa noted that Egypt is " focused heavily on
increasing local wheat production, " and that adopting
HB4 wheat for production could be one of the means to
help the country increase its yields.
While HB4's ability to increase yields in drought conditions
are the major attraction for many developing countries,
Steve Mercer, vice president of communications for
USW, said the other side of the coin regarding HB4 wheat
is the potential environmental and sustainability advantages
that it provides regarding less water usage.
" One is the practical benefit for producers to produce
more wheat and the other side is the sustainability arguments,
which could be attractive in developed countries, "
Mercer said.
Herbicide concerns
Although HB4 wheat has received safety approvals
in several countries, environmental groups warn that
commercialization would lead to higher exposure to
glufosinate-ammonium because it is tolerant to the
herbicide.
GRAIN, a Barcelona, Spain-based non-profit organization
that supports small farmers and social movements
in their struggles for community-controlled and
biodiversity-based food systems, said that glufosinateammonium
is " widely questioned and prohibited in
many countries due to its high acute toxicity and its
teratogenic, neurotoxic, genotoxic and cholinesterase
altering effects. "
GRAIN warns that the addition of GM wheat, which
is grown in different parts of the year than most other
GM crops, will lead to year-round exposure to glufosinate-ammonium-based
herbicides.
Trucco said HB4 is resistant to the herbicide glufosinate-ammonium
because in the biotechnological process
Bioceres used a glufosinate-resistant gene as the
selectable marker to be able to distinguish the positive
transformant from the negative transformants.
" So it's an effect of the biotechnological tool used to
achieve drought resistance, " Trucco said. " Unlike with
the first wave of transgenics several years ago whose
main yield differential was directly associated with
the use of the herbicide, HB4 was developed to have
drought resistance as its main characteristic and value.
" While this means that HB4 wheat is tolerant to glufosinate-ammonium,
it does not need to use this herbicide.
Just as with conventional wheat, any other agri26
considering
this step, especially
with the current increase in the
world's population and the
increased demand for grains
and wheat, in particular.
Khalid Al-Hazaa, general manager,
Al-Hazaa Investment Group
cultural herbicide can be applied in the production of
HB4 wheat with no impact on the quality of the wheat.
In fact, at Bioceres, we are working hard to develop
biological herbicides that could in the future be applied
as alternatives to chemical herbicides in seed treatments.
We are actually one of the only companies globally
that develops all categories of biological products
for agriculture: from bio-nutrition and seed genetics, to
biostimulants and bioprotection technology. "
Timing is everything
Other companies, including US-based Monsanto, before
it merged with Bayer, developed GM wheat only
to reverse course due to strong backlash from consumer
groups and tentative regulators. But that was a different
time, when there was plenty of wheat in reserve
and less certainty about the impact of climate change
on crop production.
Today, not only is there more widespread drought
impacting yields and production, but a once-in-a-century
pandemic has caused global supply chain dysfunction
and two of the world's largest wheat producers and
exporters - Russia and Ukraine - are at war, limiting
the amount of grain being produced and shipped from
the Black Sea region.
It's hard to imagine a better environment to be introducing
a high-yielding drought-resistant genetically
modified wheat variety.
" I don't know if it's the best possible timing to be
talking about that kind of trait, but it has to be close, "
Henry said.
This year marks 100 years since the founding of
Sosland Publishing Co., the publisher of World Grain.
To mark the anniversary of a century of providing food
industry professionals timely information, news and
commentary, we are publishing a series of articles to
celebrate the past, present and future of the people and
industry that feed the world.
November 2022 / World Grain / World-Grain.com
http://www.World-Grain.com

World Grain - November 2022

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - November 2022

World Grain - November 2022 - Intro
World Grain - November 2022 - 1
World Grain - November 2022 - 2
World Grain - November 2022 - 3
World Grain - November 2022 - 4
World Grain - November 2022 - 5
World Grain - November 2022 - 6
World Grain - November 2022 - 7
World Grain - November 2022 - 8
World Grain - November 2022 - 9
World Grain - November 2022 - 10
World Grain - November 2022 - 11
World Grain - November 2022 - 12
World Grain - November 2022 - 13
World Grain - November 2022 - 14
World Grain - November 2022 - 15
World Grain - November 2022 - 16
World Grain - November 2022 - 17
World Grain - November 2022 - 18
World Grain - November 2022 - 19
World Grain - November 2022 - 20
World Grain - November 2022 - 21
World Grain - November 2022 - 22
World Grain - November 2022 - 23
World Grain - November 2022 - 24
World Grain - November 2022 - 25
World Grain - November 2022 - 26
World Grain - November 2022 - 27
World Grain - November 2022 - 28
World Grain - November 2022 - 29
World Grain - November 2022 - 30
World Grain - November 2022 - 31
World Grain - November 2022 - 32
World Grain - November 2022 - 33
World Grain - November 2022 - 34
World Grain - November 2022 - 35
World Grain - November 2022 - 36
World Grain - November 2022 - 37
World Grain - November 2022 - 38
World Grain - November 2022 - 39
World Grain - November 2022 - 40
World Grain - November 2022 - 41
World Grain - November 2022 - 42
World Grain - November 2022 - 43
World Grain - November 2022 - 44
World Grain - November 2022 - 45
World Grain - November 2022 - 46
World Grain - November 2022 - 47
World Grain - November 2022 - 48
World Grain - November 2022 - 49
World Grain - November 2022 - 50
World Grain - November 2022 - 51
World Grain - November 2022 - 52
World Grain - November 2022 - 53
World Grain - November 2022 - 54
World Grain - November 2022 - 55
World Grain - November 2022 - 56
World Grain - November 2022 - 57
World Grain - November 2022 - 58
World Grain - November 2022 - 59
World Grain - November 2022 - 60
World Grain - November 2022 - 61
World Grain - November 2022 - 62
World Grain - November 2022 - 63
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World Grain - November 2022 - 65
World Grain - November 2022 - 66
World Grain - November 2022 - 67
World Grain - November 2022 - 68
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World Grain - November 2022 - 70
World Grain - November 2022 - 71
World Grain - November 2022 - 72
World Grain - November 2022 - 73
World Grain - November 2022 - 74
World Grain - November 2022 - 75
World Grain - November 2022 - 76
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-november-2022
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-october-2022
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-september-2022
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-august-2022
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-july-2022
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-june-2022
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-may-2022
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-april-2022
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-march-2022
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-february-2022
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-january-2022
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-december-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/-world-grain-november-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-october-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-september-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-august-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-july-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-june-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-may-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-april-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-march-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-february-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2021_01_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_12_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_11_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_10_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_09_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_08_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_07_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_06_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_05_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_04_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_03_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_02_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_01_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_12_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_11_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_10_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_09_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_08_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_07_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_06_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_05_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_04_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_03_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_02_01
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http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_07_01
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http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2018_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2018_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_11_01
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https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_06_01
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https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_12_01
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https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/20111_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_09_01
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http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_12_01
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http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_10_01
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http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_02_01
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