World Grain - September 2021 - 22

COUNTRY FOCUS
KEY FACTS
FOCUS ON
EGYPT
Large-scale importer looking to
increase agricultural production
by Chris Lyddon
Egypt has a large and growing population, and its production
of grains and oilseeds falls well short of its food needs, making
large-scale imports necessary. It continues to run a bread subsidy
scheme, with loaves provided to much of the population at prices
well below the cost of production. At the same time, the Egyptian
authorities are working to increase agricultural output, notably by
focusing on increasing the uptake of new, higher yielding varieties,
while providing information on best practices to the country's
farmers.
According to the International Grains Council (IGC), Egypt's
total grains production in 2021-22 will be 16.9 million tonnes,
unchanged from 2020-21. Production of wheat is put at 8.9 million
tonnes, also unchanged. The country's maize crop is estimated
at 7.1 million tonnes, again the same as the previous year.
Egypt also is estimated to have produced 700,000 tonnes of sorghum,
the same as in 2020-21.
Egypt's total grains imports in 2021-22 are forecast at 23.8
million tonnes, up from 22.9 million the year before.
Imports
of wheat are put at 13.2 million tonnes, up from 12.8 million
the previous year. The country also is expected to
import 10.4 million tonnes of maize, up from
10.2 million in 2020-21. The IGC's projection
for rice production in 202122
is 3.5 million tonnes, revised
down in July from the previous
forecast of 4 million. Rice imports
in 2020-21 were 4 million
tonnes.
Egypt is forecast to import
4.6 million tonnes of soybeans
in 2021-22, revised
down from 4.7 million.
Soybean imports in 2020-21
were 4.5 million tonnes.
The USDA attaché
explained
in an annual report on
the grains sector dated March 17,
2021, that " wheat production in
Egypt has improved through the de22
Capital:
Cairo
Population: 106,437,241 (July 2021 est.)
Religions: Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 90%,
Christian (majority Coptic Orthodox, other Christians
include Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Maronite,
Orthodox, and Anglican) 10% (2015 est.).
Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean
Sea, between Libya and the Gaza
Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes
the Asian Sinai Peninsula.
Government: Presidential republic. Chief of
state: President Abdelfattah Elsisi (since June 8,
2014); head of government: Prime Minister Mostafa
Madbouly (since June 7, 2018).
Economy: Occupying the northeast corner of
the African continent, Egypt is bisected by the
highly fertile Nile Valley where most economic
activity takes place. Egypt's economy was highly
centralized during the rule of former President
Gamal Abdel Nasser but opened up considerably
under former Presidents Anwar El-Sadat
and Mohamed Hosni Mubarak. Agriculture, hydrocarbons,
manufacturing, tourism, and other
service sectors drove the country's relatively diverse
economic activity. Despite Egypt's mixed
record for attracting foreign investment over the
past two decades, poor living conditions and
limited job opportunities have contributed to
public discontent. These socioeconomic pressures
were a major factor leading to the January
2011 revolution that ousted Mubarak. The
uncertain political, security, and policy environment
since 2011 has restricted economic growth
and failed to alleviate persistent unemployment,
especially among the young. In late 2016, persistent
dollar shortages and waning aid from
its Gulf allies led Cairo to turn to the IMF for a
three-year, $12 billion loan program. To secure
the deal, Cairo floated its currency, introduced
new taxes, and cut energy subsidies - all of
which pushed inflation above 30% for most of
2017, a high that had not been seen in a generation.
Since the currency float, foreign investment
in Egypt's high interest treasury bills has risen exponentially,
boosting both dollar availability and
central bank reserves. Cairo will be challenged
to obtain foreign and local investment in manufacturing
and other sectors without a sustained
effort to implement a range of business reforms.
GDP per capita: $11,763 (2019 est.); inflation:
9.3% (2019 est.); unemployment: 7.86% (2019
est.).
Currency: Egyptian pounds (EGP): 15.69 pounds
equal 1 US dollar (Aug. 23, 2021).
Exports: $87.891 billion (2018 est.): crude petroleum,
refined petroleum, gold, natural gas, fertilizers
(2019).
Imports: $115.345 billion (2018 est.): refined
petroleum, wheat, crude petroleum, cars, packaged
medicines (2019).
Agriculture: 11.7% (2017 est.) of GDP and 25.8%
of the labor force.
Internet: Code: .eg; 46,644,728 users.
Source: CIA World Factbook
September 2021 / World Grain / World-Grain.com
http://www.World-Grain.com

World Grain - September 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - September 2021

World Grain - September 2021 - Intro
World Grain - September 2021 - 1
World Grain - September 2021 - 2
World Grain - September 2021 - 3
World Grain - September 2021 - 4
World Grain - September 2021 - 5
World Grain - September 2021 - 6
World Grain - September 2021 - 7
World Grain - September 2021 - 8
World Grain - September 2021 - 9
World Grain - September 2021 - 10
World Grain - September 2021 - 11
World Grain - September 2021 - 12
World Grain - September 2021 - 13
World Grain - September 2021 - 14
World Grain - September 2021 - 15
World Grain - September 2021 - 16
World Grain - September 2021 - 17
World Grain - September 2021 - 18
World Grain - September 2021 - 19
World Grain - September 2021 - 20
World Grain - September 2021 - 21
World Grain - September 2021 - 22
World Grain - September 2021 - 23
World Grain - September 2021 - 24
World Grain - September 2021 - 25
World Grain - September 2021 - 26
World Grain - September 2021 - 27
World Grain - September 2021 - 28
World Grain - September 2021 - 29
World Grain - September 2021 - 30
World Grain - September 2021 - 31
World Grain - September 2021 - 32
World Grain - September 2021 - 33
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World Grain - September 2021 - 38
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https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-september-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-august-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-july-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-june-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-may-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-april-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-march-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/world-grain-february-2021
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2021_01_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_12_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_11_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_10_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_09_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_08_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_07_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_06_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_05_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_04_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_03_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_02_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2020_01_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_12_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_11_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_10_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_09_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_08_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_07_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_06_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_05_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_04_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_03_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_02_01
https://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2019_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2018_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2018_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2018_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2017_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2016_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2015_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2015_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2014_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2013_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2012_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/20111_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/wg/2011_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2011_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2010_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2009_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2008_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_08_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_07_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_06_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_05_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_04_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2007_01_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_12_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_11_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_09_01
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http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_03_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_02_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2006_01_01
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http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_12_01
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http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_10_02
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_10_02
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_10_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_09_01
http://digital.world-grain.com/sosland/wg/2004_08_01
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